Components of Working Memory

According to the multicomponent view of working memory proposed by Baddeley and Hitch (1974 see also Baddeley, 1986), working memory consists of a central executive closely linked to two modality-specific slave systems, a phonological loop and a visuospatial sketchpad. The central executive is a general-purpose coordinator that enables ongoing processing to be combined with the storage of temporary information and has access to the peripheral subsystems for support. The phonological loop and...

Developmental Changes in Working Memory A Multicomponent View

Working memory is the part of the human memory system that serves cognition by maintaining temporary information in an active state. Its limited capacity is thought to constrain performance in activities such as reading (Just & Carpenter, 1992), reasoning (Hitch & Baddeley, 1976), and mental calculation (Furst & Hitch, 2000). In view of such a wideranging role, it is not surprising that the development of working memory has been seen as playing an important role in cognitive...

Is the Bump Just for Autobiographical Memory

Ribot 1882

The studies reviewed so far are all about autobiographical memory. But once one starts to look, one finds plots similar to the bump in autobiographical memory in other domains as well. A full explanation of the bump needs to take such plots into account and decide whether they are relevant to processes occurring in autobiographical memory. The oldest such plot I know about appears in Ribot 1882 . He claims that for most people, imagination rises and drops in a fashion similar to the plots shown...