The KT and PW syndromes consist of vascular malformations involving the lower limbs primarily, with the following dominant features: cutaneous capillary malformation, varicose veins, and limb hypertrophy. The KT syndrome comprises primarily venous anomalies, while the PW syndrome has more arteriovenous shunts.23 Spinal cord involvement with pial arteriovenous fistulas or malformations can be present.
Staged embolization and surgical resection, if feasible, are the recommended therapies.
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