can be tailored to the specific location of the lesion (Figure 5.6). The posterolateral approach can be used to access lesions located within the vertebral body, disc, or paraspinal soft tissues of the lumbar spine (Figures 5.7 and 5.8). The transpedicular approach can be used to safely access lesions within the thoracic or lumbar vertebrae. A transcostovertebral approach can be used for thoracic disc space lesions, thoracic paraspinal soft tissue masses, or vertebral body lesions (Figure 5.9).
The selected imaging modality is used to identify the lesion level (Figure 5.10). Once a safe path to the target lesion has been chosen, sv
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.