26. Derby R, Howard MW, Grant JM, et al. The ability of pressure-controlled discography to predict surgical and nonsurgical outcomes. Spine 24:364, 1999.
27. Donelson R, Aprill C, Medcalf R, et al. A prospective study of centralization of lumbar and referred pain. A predictor of symptomatic discs and annular competence. Spine 22:1115, 1997.
28. Grubb SA, Kelly C. Cervical discography: clinical implications from 12 years of experience. Spine 25:1382, 2000.
29. Guyer RD, Collier R, Stith WJ, et al. Diskitis after discography. Spine 13:1352, 1988.
30. Guyer RD, Ohnmeiss DD. Lumbar discography. Position statement from the North American Spine Society Diagnostic and Therapeutic Committee. Spine 21:1274, 1996.
31. Guyer RD, Ohnmeiss DD, Mason SL, et al. Complications of cervical discography: findings in a large series. J Spinal Disord 10:95, 1997.
32. Moneta GB, Videman T, Kaivanto K, et al. Reported pain during lumbar discography as a function of annular ruptures and disc degeneration: a re-analysis of 833 discograms. Spine 19:1968, 1994.
33. Ohnmeiss DD, Vanharanta H, Guyer RD. The association between pain drawings and computed tomographic/discographic pain responses. Spine 20:729, 1995.
34. Ohnmeiss DD, Vanharanta H, Ekholm J. Degree of disc disruption and lower extremity pain. Spine 22:1600, 1997.
35. Ohnmeiss DD, Vanharanta H, Ekholm J. Relation between pain location and disc pathology: a study of pain drawings and CT/discography. Clin J Pain 15:210, 1999.
36. Saifuddin A, Emanuel R, White J, et al. An analysis of radiating pain at lumbar discography. Eur Spine J 7:358, 1998.
37. Saifuddin A, Renton P, Taylor BA. Effects on the vertebral end-plate of uncomplicated lumbar discography: an MRI study. Eur Spine J 7:36, 1998.
38. Schwarzer AC, Aprill CN, Derby R, et al. The prevalence and clinical features of internal disc disruption in patients with chronic low back pain. Spine 20:1878, 1995.
39. Waldman SD, Winnie AP, eds. Interventional Pain Management: Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1996.
40. Walsh TR, Weinstein JN, Spratt KF, et al. Lumbar discography in normal subjects: a controlled, prospective study. J Bone Joint Surg 72:1081, 1990.
41. Weinstein J, Claverie W, Gibson S. The role of discography. Spine 13:1344, 1988.
42. Zucherman J, Derby R, Hsu K, et al. Normal magnetic resonance imaging with abnormal discography. Spine 13:1355, 1988.
43. Bogduk N. The lumbar disc and low back pain. Neurosurg Clin North Am 2:791, 1991.
44. Osti OL, Fraser RD, Vernon-Roberts B. Diskitis after discography. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 72:271, 1990.
45. Sachs BL, Vanharanta H, Spivey MA, et al. Dallas discogram description: a new classification of CT/discography in low back disorders. Spine 12:287, 1987.
46. Bogduk N, Tynan W, Wilson AS. The nerve supply to the human lumbar intervertebral discs. J Anat 132:39, 1981.
47. Boduk N, Windsor M, Inglis A. The innervation of cervical intervertebral discs. Spine 13:2, 1988.
48. Heggeness MH, Watters WC 3rd, Gray PM Jr. Discography of lumbar discs after surgical treatment for disc herniation. Spine 22:1606, 1997.
49. Kuslich SD, Danielson G, Dowdle JD, et al. Four-year follow-up results of lumbar spine arthrodesis using the Bagby and Kuslich lumbar fusion cage. Spine 25:2656, 2000.
Was this article helpful?
Knowing the causes of back pain is winning half the battle against it. The 127-page eBook, How To Win Your War Against Back Pain, explains the various causes of back pain in a simple manner and teaches you the various treatment options available. The book is a great pain reliever in itself. The sensible, practical tips that it presents will surely help you bid good-bye to back pain forever.