C

Calcified disc herniation, 355 intradiscal oxygen-ozone treatment, results with, 355

Cancer, screening for, 44 Cancer-related pain, implanted drug delivery systems, 284-285 Capsaicin, mechanism of action, 50 Carbamazepine for depression, 34 mechanism of action, 49

Cardiac conduction abnormalities, patients with, 48 C-arm fluoroscopic imaging equipment, mobile, 29 Catheter tip obstruction, as implanted drug delivery complication, 288 Caudal epidural steroid injection, 157-160, 158-159 initial description of, 149 Cavernous angioma, 304

therapy, 304 Cavernous malformations, 304

therapy, 304 Cefazolin, as antibiotic, 32, 258 Celestone Soluspan, 30-31 Celiac plexus blockade, 45, 219, 223-226 indications, 223 technique, 223-226, 224-225 Cement, selection, preparation, in percutaneous vertebroplasty, 253-256, 254-255 Central nerve blocks, diagnostic, 45-46 Centrifugal microcirculation, spine, 20 Centripetal microcirculation, spine, 20-22 Centripetal system microcirculation, spine, 20-22 Cerebrospinal fluid hypoglycemia, 326 Cerebrospinal fluid hypovolemia, 322-334 diagnosis, 322-324 epidural blood patch, 324-328 alternative treatments, 325 contraindications, 325 prophylactic use of, 326 steroids, 326 technique, 326-328 fibrin glue patch, 328-331 blood-banked cryoprecipitate, 328-329 cryoprecipitate, drawback of using, 328 FDA-approved fibrin sealants, 328 fever with, 329 Hemaseel fibrin sealant, 328

prophylactic use of, 329 technique, 329-331,

330-331 Tisseel fibrin sealant, 328 Monro-Kellie rule, 322 pathophysiology, 322-324 spontaneous intracranial hypotension, 322-323 Cervical arteries, spine, 17 Cervical discography, 112-116,

114-116 Cervical epidural steroid injection, 160 Cervical epidurography, 197 Cervical epidurolysis, 197 Cervical spine, angiography, 22 Cervical veins, spine, 26 Childbirth, spontaneous intracranial hypotension from, 322-323 Ciprofloxacin, as antibiotic, 32, 258

Circulatory disorders, thermography, 42-43 Clonazepam, mechanism of action, 49 Coaxial needle systems, for biopsy, 74 Cobb's syndrome, 306 Codeine, for analgesia, 33 Cold application, 51 Compression fractures, vertebral, balloon kyphoplasty for pain relief, 334 Compression neuropathy, from thyroid disorders, screening for, 44 Computed tomographic fluoroscopy, in biopsy, 73 multidirectional fluoroscope, 73

Computed tomography, 42 Constant flow rate pump, for drug delivery, 274, 281-282 Contrast agents, 34-35 iodinated, 34 nonionic, 34 allergic reaction to, 34 Controlled-release morphine, for analgesia, 33 Conus medullaris arteriovenous malformation, 299-304, 300-303

Corticosteroids, 30-31. See also under drug name COX enzymes. See Cytochrome c oxidase enzymes Cryoprecipitate blood-banked, 328-329 drawback of using, 328 CT. See Computed tomography Curvature of spine. See Scoliosis Cytochrome c oxidase enzymes, nonsteroidal block of, 48

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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