Acrylic cements have been used for the augmentation of weakened or partially destroyed bones for decades (63). The term vertebroplasty originally described an open surgical procedure that introduces bone graft or acrylic cement to mechanically augment weakened vertebral bodies. Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is the acrylic most commonly used as a bone filler. The first image-guided percutaneous vertebral augmentation or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) was performed in France in 1984, when Deramond and Galibert injected PMMA into a C2 vertebra that had been partially destroyed by an aggressive hemangioma (64). The procedure relieved the patient's chronic pain. Shortly thereafter, PVP was used to treat vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis (65). The interest in PVP has continued to grow since its introduction in Europe and its subsequent introduction in the United States (66). In 1993, the first vertebroplasty procedure in the United States was performed at the University of Virginia on a patient with a breast cancer metastasis (66).

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Win Your War Against Back Pain

How To Win Your War Against Back Pain

Knowing the causes of back pain is winning half the battle against it. The 127-page eBook, How To Win Your War Against Back Pain, explains the various causes of back pain in a simple manner and teaches you the various treatment options available. The book is a great pain reliever in itself. The sensible, practical tips that it presents will surely help you bid good-bye to back pain forever.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment