Percutaneous vertebroplasty for the treatment of osteoporotic compression fractures was initially introduced in the late 1980s in Europe (1,2) and in the early 1990s in the United States (3). Since that time the procedure has enjoyed a phenomenal growth. Indeed, vertebroplasty is now considered routine in most areas throughout the United States. The procedure has been shown to be rapid, safe, and effective for the treatment of painful osteoporotic compression fractures (3-22). The purpose of this chapter is to review the indications, preprocedural workup, procedural details, postprocedural care, and outcomes for the treatment of osteoporotic compression fractures with percutaneous vertebroplasty.
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