Polydactyly and Bifid Thumb

Kevin D. Plancher

History and Clinical Presentation

A 2-year-old girl presents for evaluation of her duplicate thumb. The family recently moved from the Dominican Republic. The mother reports that her uncle had the same condition.

Physical Examination

The patient has an obvious deformity of the thumb (Fig. 82—1). The forearm and hand are one half the width of the other arm. There is no other malformation on the child's hands or feet. The patient was referred for a complete genetic workup. The hand itself is fully functional.

Diagnostic Studies

Radiographs show a single but widened metacarpal with a bifid proximal phalanx (Fig. 82-2). Hematologic indices, including complete blood count with differential, platelet count along with prothrombin time (PT), and partial thromboplastin time (PTT), were checked preoperatively to rule out thrombocytopenia or any coagulopathy.

Triscaphe Joint PictureTriscaphe Articulation

Figure 82—2. Radiographs show a single but widened metacarpal with a bifid proximal phalanx.

Figure 82—1. The patient's widened thumb.

Figure 82—2. Radiographs show a single but widened metacarpal with a bifid proximal phalanx.

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