Figure 71—1. (A,B) Radiographs demonstrating severe degenerative changes in the long finger distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint with joint space narrowing, sclerosis, erosions, and osteophyte formation.

arthropathy to deformities such as the swan-neck deformity (Fig. 71—2). Frequently, coexisting conditions at the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint and metacarpophalangeal joint must also be addressed. Indications for surgical arthrodesis in the context of these entities typically follow a sequence of treatment alternatives that initially include nonoperative measures such as medical management, occupational therapy, and splints. This is particularly true in cases of degenerative joint disease or end stage

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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