T Cell Tolerance to Tumors and Cancer Immunotherapy

Kimberly Shafer-Weaver1, Michael Anderson2, Anatoli Malyguine1 and Arthur A. Hurwitz2

1 Applied and Developmental Research Support Program, SAIC-Frederick, Inc., NCI-Frederick, Frederick, MD, USA

2 Tumor Immunity and Tolerance Section, Laboratory of Molecular Immunoregulation, Cancer and Inflammation Program, CCR, NIH, Frederick, MD, USA, [email protected]

Abstract. It is widely recognized that the immune system plays a role in cancer progression and that some tumors are inherently immunogenic. The identification of tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) has stimulated research focused on immunotherapies to mediate the regression of established tumors. Cancer-specific immunity has traditionally been aimed at activating CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) directed against major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-binding peptide epitopes. Other approaches utilize T cell adoptive therapy where autologous, tumor-specific T cells propagated in vitro are transferred back into recipients. However, these strategies have met with limited success in part due to the regulatory mechanisms of T cell tolerance, which poses a considerable challenge to cancer immunother-apy. Our laboratory utilizes the TRansgenic Adenocarcinoma of the Mouse Prostate (TRAMP) model, a murine model of prostate cancer, to study mechanisms of T cell tolerization to tumor antigens. We previously demonstrated that upon encounter with their cognate antigen in the tumor microenvironment, naïve T cell become tolerized. Our ongoing studies are testing whether provision of CD4+ T cells can enhance tumor immunity by preventing CD8+ T cell tolerance. A greater understanding of the interaction between various tumor-specific T cell subsets will facilitate the design of novel approaches to stimulate a more potent antitumor immune response.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Bolster Your Immune System

How To Bolster Your Immune System

All Natural Immune Boosters Proven To Fight Infection, Disease And More. Discover A Natural, Safe Effective Way To Boost Your Immune System Using Ingredients From Your Kitchen Cupboard. The only common sense, no holds barred guide to hit the market today no gimmicks, no pills, just old fashioned common sense remedies to cure colds, influenza, viral infections and more.

Get My Free Audio Book

Post a comment