™ Small fragments are directly extracted by forceps or baskets.
™ Resulting fragments after disintegration should be small but large enough for easy extraction.
™ When using a Ho:YAG laser, the result is sometimes more 'dust' than 'fragments'. Such small residuals have a high probability of spontaneous passage and can be left in the urinary tract ('smash and go'). However, patients should be followed up to ensure they reach a stone-free state.
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