Diagnostic Indications

— Congenital anomalies (bladder diverticulum, ureterocele, urachal remnants, mulle-rian duct remnants, utriculus cyst, posterior valve, syringocele, urethral stricture, urethral duplication, etc.),

— Suspicious infravesical obstruction,

— Recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) after VCUG and urodynamic investigation (but not routinely),

— Persistent incontinence (ureteral ectopy),

— Sinus urogenitalis, disorders of sexual differentiation,

— Follow-up after defunctionalization of the bladder (urinary diversion, Mainz pouch II, etc.).

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