Human Skeletal Anatomy

Figure 2-26

Left Hand, Dorsal View

BONES & PROCESSES

CARPALS

1. Capitate

2. Hamate

3. Lunate

4. Pisiform

5. Scaphoid (navicular)

6. Trapezium (greater multangular)

7. Trapezoid (lesser multangular)

8. Triquetrum (triangular)

9. METACARPALS I-V

PHALANGES

10. Distal phalanx of digits II—V

11. Distal phalanx of thumb

12. Middle phalanx of digits II-V

13. Proximal phalanx of digits II-V

14. Proximal phalanx of thumb

Thumb Phalanx

Figure 2-26

Left Hand, Dorsal View

BONES & PROCESSES

CARPALS

1. Capitate

2. Hamate

3. Lunate

4. Pisiform

5. Scaphoid (navicular)

6. Trapezium (greater multangular)

7. Trapezoid (lesser multangular)

8. Triquetrum (triangular)

9. METACARPALS I-V

Dog Skeletal Anatomy Pelvis

Figure 2-27

Pelvic Bones with Sacrum, Anterior View

STRUCTURES

1. Acetabular notch

2. Acetabulum

3. Anterior inferior iliac spine

4. Anterior superior iliac spine

5. Fusion of ischium and pubis

6. Iliac crest

7. Iliac fossa

8. Inferior pubic ramus

9. Ischial spine

10. Ischial tuberosity

11. Obturator foramen

12. Posterior inferior iliac spine

13. Posterior superior iliac spine

14. Pubic arch

15. Pubic tubercle

16. Ramus of ischium

17. Superior pubic ramus

18. Symphysis pubis (location indicated)

CHAPTER 2

Figure 2-28

Pelvic Bones:

(A) Right, Lateral View,

(B) Left, Medial View

STRUCTURES

1. Acetabular notch

2. Acetabulum

3. Anterior inferior iliac spine

4. Anterior superior iliac spine

5. Arcuate line of ilium

6. Auricular surface (for sacroiliac joint)

7. Fusion of ischium and pubis

8. Greater sciatic notch

9. Iliac crest

10. Iliac fossa

11. Iliopubic eminence

12. Inferior pubic ramus

13. Ischial spine

14. Ischial tuberosity

15. Lesser sciatic notch

16. Obturator foramen

17. Posterior inferior iliac spine

18. Posterior superior iliac spine

19. Ramus of ischium

20. Superior pubic ramus

21. Symphysis pubis (location shown)

Ramus Ischium

Figure 2-29

Femur: (A) Right Femur, Anterior View, (B) Left Femur, Posterior View

STRUCTURES

A. Right femur

B. Left femur

1. Neck

2. Gluteal tuberosity

3. Greater trochanter

4. Head (both proximal and distal)

5. Intercondylar fossa

6. Intertrochanteric crest

7. Intertrochanteric line

8. Lateral condyle

9. Lateral epicondyle

10. Lesser trochanter

11. Linea aspera

12. Medial condyle

13. Medial epicondyle

14. Patellar surface

15. Popliteal surface

16. Shaft (diaphysis)

17. Site for attachment of anterior cruciate ligament

18. Site for attachment of posterior cruciate ligament

19. Spiral line

Spiral Groove HumerusRight Patella Left Patella

Figure 2-30

Patellae: (A) Right Patella, Anterior Surface, (B) Left Patella, Posterior (Articular) Surface

STRUCTURES

A. Right patella

B. Left patella

1. Apex (site for attachment of patellar ligament)

2. Base

3. Facet for lateral condyle of femur

4. Facet for medial condyle of femur

5. Vertical ridge

Figure 2-30

Patellae: (A) Right Patella, Anterior Surface, (B) Left Patella, Posterior (Articular) Surface

STRUCTURES

A. Right patella

B. Left patella

1. Apex (site for attachment of patellar ligament)

2. Base

3. Facet for lateral condyle of femur

4. Facet for medial condyle of femur

5. Vertical ridge

Left Tibia And Fibula Posterior View

Figure 2-31

Tibia and Fibula: (A,B) Right Tibia and

Fibula, Anterior View,

(C,D) Left Tibia and Fibula, Posterior View

STRUCTURES

A. Right fibula

B. Right tibia

C. Left fibula

D. Left tibia

1. Apex of fibula

2. Articular facet for tibia

3. Fibular articular facet of tibia

4. Groove for flexor hallicus longus tendon

5. Groove for peroneus brevis tendon

6. Groove for tibialis posterior tendon

7. Interosseous border

8. Lateral condyle of tibia

9. Lateral malleolus of fibula

10. Malleolar fossa of fibula

11. Medial condyle of tibia

12. Medial malleolus of tibia

13. Site for attachment of posterior cruciate ligament

14. Soleal line of tibia

15. Tibial tuberosity

16. Tubercles of intercondylar eminence of tibia

CHAPTER 2

Figure 2-32

Right Foot: Dorsal (Superior) View

BONES & PROCESSES

TARSALS

1. Calcaneus

2. Cuboid

3. Groove for flexor hallucis longus tendon

4. Head of talus

5. Intermediate cuneiform

6. Lateral cuneiform

7. Lateral tubercle of talus

8. Medial cuneiform

9. Medial tubercle of talus

10. Navicular

11. Navicular tuberosity

12. Neck of talus

13. Trochlea (articular surface) of talus

14. Metatarsals I-V

PHALANGES

15. Distal phalanx of digits II-V

16. Distal phalanx of great toe

17. Middle phalanx of digits II-V

18. Proximal phalanx of digits II-V

19. Proximal phalanx of great toe

20. Site for attachment of Achilles tendon

Spongy Bone Structure

Figure 2-33

Typical Long Bone Structure

STRUCTURES

1. Cancellous (spongy) bone

2. Compact bone

3. Head (epiphysis)

a. proximal b. distal

4. Medullary (marrow) cavity

5. Neck (growth plate, metaphysis, epiphyseal plate)

6. Shaft (diaphysis)

Long Bone Epiphysis And Diaphysis

Human Skeletal Anatomy

Figure 2-34

The Cat Skeleton

1. Maxilla

2. Mandible

3. Orbit

4. Zygomatic arch

5. Cranium

6. Cervical vertebrae (7)

7. Sternum

8. Scapula

9. Humerus

10. Radius

11. Ulna

12. Carpal bones

13. Metacarpal bones

14. Phalanges

15. Thoracic vertebrae (13)

16. Ribs

17. Lumbar vertebrae (7)

18. Pelvis

19. Femur

20. Tibia

21. Fibula

22. Calcaneus

23. Tarsal bones

24. Metatarsal bones

25. Phalanges

26. Caudal vertebrae (21-25)

Growth Tempural Bone

68 CHAPTER 2

Nuchal Ligament Canine

Figure 2-35

Cat Skull, Left Lateral View

A. Mandible

1. Lower canine tooth

2. Mental foramina

3. Lower premolar teeth

4. Lower molar teeth

5. Angular process

6. Condylar process

7. Coronoid process

B. Incisive bone

C. Nasal bone

D. Maxilla

8. Upper canine tooth

9. Infraorbital foramen

10. Upper premolar tooth

11. Upper molar tooth

E. Lacrimal bone and fossa

F. Orbit

G. Frontal bone

12. Zygomatic process of frontal bone

H. Coronal suture

I. Zygomatic bone

13. Frontal process of zygomatic

14. Temporal process of zygomatic J. Temporal bone

15. Zygomatic process of temporal bone

16. External auditory meatus

17. Stylomastoid foramen

18. Mastoid process

K. Parietal bone L. Squamosal suture M. Occipital bone

19. External occipital protuberance

20. Nuchal crest

21. Occipital condyle N. Atlas

O. Axis

P. Cervical vertebrae (3-7)

22. Spinous process

23. Transverse process

24. Transverse foramen

Cat Axial Skeleton

Figure 2-36

Cat Skeleton, Front Right Lateral View

Figure 2-37

Axial Skeleton of Cat, Dorsal View

1. Frontal bone

2. Parietal bone

3. Sagittal suture

4. Coronal suture

5. Bregma

6. Atlas

7. Transverse process (wing) of atlas

8. Axis

9. Cervical vertebrae (7)

10. Thoracic vertebrae (13)

11. Ribs

12. Lumbar vertebrae (7)

13. Sacral vertebrae (3)

14. Caudal vertebrae (21-25)

15. Scapula

16. Humerus

17. Ilium

18. Ischium

19. Femur

Figure 2-36

Cat Skeleton, Front Right Lateral View

Vertebral spinous process

Sternum

Ribs

Scapula

1. Supraspinous fossa

2. Acromial spine

3. Infraspinous fossa Humerus

4. Head

5. Deltoid tuberosity

6. Trochlea

7. Lateral epicondyle

8. Medial epicondyle

9. Radial fossa F. Radius

10. Radial tuberosity

11. Styloid process

G. Ulna

12. Olecranon process

H. Carpal bones

I. Metacarpal bones J. Phalanges

70 CHAPTER 2

Figure 2-38

Cat Skeleton, Right Lateral View

A. Lumbar vertebrae

1. Transverse processes

2. Spinous processes

B. Ilium

3. Cranial ventral iliac spine

4. Caudal ventral iliac spine

C. Ischium

5. Ischial tuberosity

D. Pubis

E. Acetabulum

F. Femur

6. Head

7. Greater trochanter

8. Lateral condyle

9. Medial condyle

10. Trochlea

G. Patella

H. Tibia

11. Tibial tuberosity

12. Medial malleolus I. Fibula

13. Lateral malleolus J. Calcaneus

K. Tarsal bones L. Metatarsal bones M. Phalanges N. Caudal vertebrae

Lateral Canine Talus
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Responses

  • Mandy
    How many carpals metacarpals and phalanges are in the hand?
    7 years ago
  • Fausto Schiavone
    What is distal to the ischial tuberosity?
    7 years ago
  • veli-pekka
    Where is spongy bone located?
    7 years ago

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