Posterior Superior Iliac Spine

Palmar view, deep

Tendon sheath

Tendon of flexor digitorum profundus Tendon of flexor digitorum superficialis

Lumbricals Opponens digiti minimi Flexor digiti minimi brevis Abductor digiti minimi Flexor retinaculum Tendons of: Flexor carpi ulnaris Flexor digitorum superficialis Palmaris longus (C)

Flexor Pollicis Brevis

First dorsal interosseous

Tendon of flexor pollicis longus

Adductor pollicis Flexor pollicis / brevis Abductor pollicis brevis

Opponens pollicis

Tendons of: Abductor pollicis longus Flexor carpi radialis Flexor pollicis longus

Dorsal view

Palmar

Palmar

First Dorsal Interosseous Muscle Swollen

interosseous Opponens digit minimi

Flexor retinaculum (cut) Carpal tunnel

Opponens pollicis

Tendons of: Abductor pollicis longus

Flexor carpi radialis Flexor carpi ulnaris

Abductor pollicis brevis

Common tendon sheath of extensor digitorum and extensor indicis

Tendons of extensor pollicis brevis and (E) abductor pollicis longus

Abductor pollicis brevis

Ligamentum Pollicis

Tendons of extensor digitorum (cut)

Dorsal interosseous

Abductor digiti minimi

Extensor retinaculum Tendons of: Extensor digiti minimi Extensor carpi ulnaris Extensor pollicis longus

Tendons of extensor digitorum (cut)

Dorsal interosseous

Abductor digiti minimi

Extensor retinaculum Tendons of: Extensor digiti minimi Extensor carpi ulnaris Extensor pollicis longus

Figure 3-17

Muscles of the Forearm, Posterior View and Muscles of the Hand. (A) Forearm Superficial extensors; (B) Forearm deep extensors; (C) Superficial muscles and tendons of the hand, ventral view; (D) Deep muscles and tendons of the hand, ventral view; (E) Major extensor muscles and tendons of the hand, dorsal view.

Iliac crest

Iliopsoas

Iliacus Psoas major

Anterior superior ■ iliac spine

Tensor fasciae latae

Iliotibial band

Anterior superior ■ iliac spine

Tensor fasciae latae

Iliotibial band

Bones The Hand Palmar View

Figure 3-18

Muscles of the Thigh, Anterior View. (A) Superficial muscles; (B) rectus femoris and other muscles removed to expose the other three heads of the quadriceps femoris.

Figure 3-18

Muscles of the Thigh, Anterior View. (A) Superficial muscles; (B) rectus femoris and other muscles removed to expose the other three heads of the quadriceps femoris.

CHAPTER 3

Iliopsoas Iliacus

Psoas major

Pectineus

Adductor-magnus

Adductor-brevis

Adductor longus

Gracilis

Insertion of-

gracilis on tibia

Iliopsoas Iliacus

Psoas major

Pectineus

Adductor-magnus

Adductor-brevis

Adductor longus

Gracilis

Adductor Brevis

Piriformis

-External obturator

Piriformis

-External obturator

Posterior superior iliac spine

Sacrum

Coccyx-

Ischial tuberosity

Posterior superior iliac spine

Sacrum

Coccyx-

Ischial tuberosity

Gluteus Maximus And Coccyx Pictures

Gluteus minimus

Piriformis

Figure 3-19

(A) Major adductors of the thigh, ventral view, (B) Deeper muscles of the hip, dorsal view

Gluteus minimus

Piriformis

Gemellus superior

Obturator internus

Obturator externus

Gemellus inferior

Quadratus femoris

Figure 3-19

(A) Major adductors of the thigh, ventral view, (B) Deeper muscles of the hip, dorsal view

Posterior View Gluteal And Thigh

Figure 3-20

Gluteal and Thigh Muscles, Posterior View

Gluteus medius Gluteus maximus Gracilis

Adductor magnus

Iliotibial band Vastus lateralis

Hamstring group Biceps femoris

Long head Short head

Semitendinosus

Semimembranosus

Figure 3-20

Gluteal and Thigh Muscles, Posterior View

Eder et al.: Laboratory I 3. Human Muscular Atlas of Anatomy and Anatomy

Physiology, Fourth Edition

Text

© The McGraw-H Companies, 2003

CHAPTER 3

Patella-

Patellar ligament

Peroneus-longus

Peroneus -brevis

Extensor-

digitorum longus

Extensor retinacula -

Extensor-

digitorum longus

-Tibia

-Gastrocnemius

Soleus

Tibialis anterior

-Tibia

-Gastrocnemius

Soleus

Tibialis anterior

Tibialis anterior

Extensor hallucis longus

Peroneus tertius

Extensor digitorum longus

Extensor hallucis brevis

Extensor digitorum brevis

Figure 3-21

(A) Muscles of the anterior right leg. (B-D) Isolated views of muscles associated with the anterior leg.

Anterior Leg Musculature

Figure 3-22

(A) Superficial muscles of the lower right leg. (B) Deeper muscles of the lower right leg.

Figure 3-22

(A) Superficial muscles of the lower right leg. (B) Deeper muscles of the lower right leg.

94 CHAPTER 3

Popliteus

Soleus (cut)

Flexor digitorum -longus m tiii

Plantaris (cut)

Gastrocnemius (cut)

Fibula

-Tibialis posterior

Peroneus longus

Fibula

-Tibialis posterior

Peroneus longus

Flexor hallucis longus

Popliteus

Tibialis Flexor posterior digitorum longus

Popliteus

Flexor hallucis longus

Plantar surface of the foot

Calcaneal tendon (cut)

Peroneus brevis

Calcaneus

Figure 3-23

(A) Muscles of the posterior right leg. (B-D) Isolated views of muscles associated with the posterior right leg.

Muscles The Fourth Layer The Foot

Figure 3-24

Intrinsic Muscles of the Foot. (A-D) First through fourth layers, respectively, in ventral (plantar) views; (E) fourth layer, dorsal view.

Figure 3-24

Intrinsic Muscles of the Foot. (A-D) First through fourth layers, respectively, in ventral (plantar) views; (E) fourth layer, dorsal view.

Picture Ceidomastiod Cat

Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a transverse section through skeletal muscle

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-1

Superficial Anatomy of Cat Head and Neck, Left Lateral View

1. Vibrissal barrels for sensory hairs (whiskers)

2. Tongue

3. Buccinator muscle

4. Diagastric muscle

5. Temporalis muscle

6. Masseter muscle

7. Dorsal buccal branch of facial (VII) nerve

8. Ventral buccal branch of facial (VII) nerve

9. Parotid duct

10. Parotid gland

11. Submandibular gland

12. Lymph node

13. External jugular vein

14. Transverse jugular vein

15. Anterior facial vein

16. Posterior facial vein

17. Sternohyoid muscle

18. Sternothyroid muscle

19. Cleidomastoid muscle

20. Sternomastoid muscle

21. Clavotrapezius muscle

22. Clavobrachialis muscle

23. Acromiotrapezius muscle

Cleidomastoid Cat

Dissections

Cat Head Anatomy

Figure 4-2

Superficial Anatomy of Cat Head and Neck, Ventral View

1. Body of mandible

2. Digastric muscle

3. Mylohyoid muscle

4. Buccinator muscle

5. Masseter muscle

6. Dorsal branch of facial (VII) nerve

7. Ventral branch of facial (VII) nerve

8. Lymph node

9. Submandibular gland

10. Anterior facial vein

11. Posterior facial vein

12. Transverse jugular vein

13. External jugular vein

14. Larynx

15. Trachea

16. Sternohyoid muscle

17. Sternomastoid muscle (unavoidably damaged on animal's right side during vascular perfusion)

18. Cleidomastoid muscle

19. Sternothyroid muscle

20. Clavotrapezius muscle

21. Clavobrachialis muscle

22. Pectoantebrachialis muscle

23. Sternum

Eder et al.: Laboratory I 4. Dissections I Text I I © The McGraw-Hill

Atlas of Anatomy and Companies, 2003

Physiology, Fourth Edition

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-3

Deep Anatomy of Cat Head and Neck, Left Ventrolateral View

1. Lower canine tooth

2. Upper canine tooth

3. Upper premolar tooth

4. Lower premolar tooth

5. Body of mandible

6. Digastric muscle

7. Mylohyoid muscle

8. Temporalis muscle

9. Masseter muscle

10. Dorsal branch of facial (VII) nerve

11. Ventral branch of facial (VII) nerve

12. Parotid duct

13. Cutaneous branch of facial (VII) nerve

14. Platysma muscle (reflected)

15. Lymph node

16. Sternohyoid muscle

17. Sternomastoid muscle (reflected)

18. Cleidomastoid muscle

19. Omohyoid muscle

20. 4th cervical nerve

21. 5th cervical nerve

22. External jugular vein

23. Subclavian vein

24. Musculocutaneous nerve

25. Radial nerve

26. Median nerve

27. Ulnar nerve

28. Thoracic nerve

29. Ventral thoracic nerve (cut)

30. Axillary nerve

Cat Anatomy Facial Glands
3 or 24

22 26 22

Dissections

Lobes 1st Mandibular Premolar

Figure 4-4

Deep Anatomy of Cat Head and Neck, Oral Cavity with Mandible Removed

1. Upper canine tooth

2. Upper premolar tooth

3. Upper molar tooth

4. Hard palate with palatine rugae

5. Soft palate

6. Tongue

7. Lingual tonsils

8. Isthmus of fauces

9. Epiglottis

10. Palatine tonsil

11. Larynx

12. Thyroid gland (reflected)

13. Trachea

14. External jugular vein

15. Common carotid artery

16. Esophagus

17. Lymph node

Eder et al.: Laboratory I 4. Dissections I Text I I © The McGraw-Hill

Atlas of Anatomy and Companies, 2003

Physiology, Fourth Edition

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-5

Superficial Muscles of the Cat Thoracic Limb, Ventral View

1. Clavobrachialis muscle

2. Pectoantebrachialis muscle

3. Pectoralis major muscle

4. Pectoralis minor muscle

5. Latissimus dorsi muscle

6. Epitrochlearis muscle

7. Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle

8. Palmaris longus muscle

9. Flexor carpi radialis muscle

10. Pronator teres muscle

11. Extensor carpi radialis muscle

12. Brachioradialis muscle (cut)

13. Antebrachial fascia

14. Olecranon process of ulna

15. Flexor retinaculum (transverse carpal ligament)

Dissections

Fascia Over Adductorpollicis

Figure 4-6

Deep Muscles of the Cat

Left Thoracic Limb,

Ventral View

1. Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle (cut and reflected)

2. Palmaris longus muscle (cut and reflected)

3. Flexor carpi radialis muscle (cut and reflected)

4. Flexor retinaculum

5. Extensor carpi ulnaris

6. Cutaneous branch of ulnar nerve

7. Ulnar nerve

8. Flexor digitorum profundus

9. Median nerve

10. Pronator teres muscle

11. Extensor carpi radialis muscle

12. Brachioradialis muscle (cut)

13. Clavobrachialis muscle (cut and reflected)

14. Biceps brachii muscle

15. Radial nerve

16. Musculocutaneous nerve

17. Axillary nerve

18. Subclavian vein

19. Ventral thoracic nerve (cut)

20. Thoracic nerve

21. Triceps brachii muscle

22. Latissimus dorsi muscle

23. Brachial vein

104 CHAPTER 4

Cat Deep Dorsal Muscles The Forearm

Figure 4-7

Superficial Muscles of the Cat Left Thoracic Limb, Dorsal View

Figure 4-7

Superficial Muscles of the Cat Left Thoracic Limb, Dorsal View

1.

Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle

8.

Brachioradialis muscle

16.

Acromiodeltoid muscle

2.

Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle

9.

Cephalic vein

17.

Spinodeltoid muscle

3.

Extensor carpi digitorum lateralis

10.

Extensor retinaculum (dorsal

18.

Acromiotrapezius muscle

muscle

carpal ligament)

19.

Latissimus dorsi muscle

4.

Extensor pollicis brevis muscle

11.

Triceps brachii muscle (lateral

20.

Levator scapulae ventralis

5.

Extensor digitorum communis

head)

21.

Antebrachial fascia

muscle

12.

Triceps brachii muscle (long

6.

Extensor carpi radialis brevis

head)

muscle

13.

Anconeus muscle

7.

Extensor carpi radialis longus

14.

Brachialis muscle

muscle

15.

Clavobrachialis muscle

Feline Thoracic Limb Muscles

Figure 4-8

Deep Muscles of the Cat Left Thoracic Limb, Dorsal View

1. Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle (cut)

Extensor digitorum lateralis muscle (cut) Extensor digitorum communis muscle (cut) Extensor indicis proprius muscle Extensor pollicis brevis muscle Extensor carpi radialis muscle Brachioradialis muscle Radial nerve Cephalic vein

10. Extensor retinaculum (dorsal carpal ligament)

11. Extensor digiti minimi tendon

12. Extensor digitorum tendons

13. Extensor indicis tendon

14. Brachioradialis muscle

15. Median nerve

16. Ulnar nerve

17. Triceps brachii muscle (medial head)

18. Triceps brachii muscle (long head)

19. Triceps brachii muscle (lateral head, cut)

20. Anconeus muscle

21. Posterior interosseous nerve

22. Clavobrachialis muscle

23. Acromiodeltoid muscle

24. Spinodeltoid muscle

25. Latissimus dorsi muscle

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-9

Superficial Muscles of the Cat Thorax, Ventral View

1. Clavobrachialis muscle

2. Pectoantebrachialis muscle

3. Pectoralis major muscle

4. Pectoralis minor muscle

5. Xiphihumeralis muscle

6. Epitrochlearis muscle

7. Latissimus dorsi muscle

8. External oblique muscle

9. Rectus abdominis muscle (deep to aponeurosis)

10. Linea alba

11. Inferior angle of scapula

12. Teres major muscle

13. Subscapularis muscle

Linea Alba Cat Dissection

Dissections

Serratus Ventralis Cat

Figure 4-10

Superficial Muscles of the Cat, Abdomen and Thorax

1. Clavobrachialis muscle

2. Pectoantebrachialis muscle

3. Pectoralis major muscle

4. Pectoralis minor muscle Xiphihumeralis muscle (removed on right)

6. Serratus anterior muscle

7. Latissimus dorsi muscle (cut to reveal underlying muscles)

8. Epitrochlearis muscle External oblique muscle (partially reflected) Internal oblique muscle (partially reflected)

11. Transversalis abdominis muscle

12. Peritoneum

13. Rectus abdominis muscle

14. Linea alba

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-11

Superficial Muscles of the Cat Neck and Back

1. Nuchal ligament

2. Clavotrapezius muscle

3. Clavobrachialis muscle

4. Acromiotrapezius muscle (cut and reflected on right)

5. Supraspinatus muscle

6. Acromiodeltoid muscle

7. Spinodeltoid muscle

8. Triceps brachii muscle (long head)

9. Cephalic vein

10. Rhomboideus minor muscle

11. Rhomboideus capitis muscle (occipitoscapularis muscle)

12. Splenius capitis muscle

13. Spinotrapezius muscle

14. Latissimus dorsi muscle

15. Lumbodorsal fascia

Spinalis Dorsi

Dissect

Clavotrapezius

Figure 4-12

Deep Muscles of the Cat Neck and Back

1. Nuchal ligament

2. Clavotrapezius muscle (reflected on left)

3. Acromiotrapezius muscle (cut, removed altogether on left)

4. Supraspinatus muscle

5. Infraspinatus muscle

6. Triceps brachii muscle (long head)

7. Triceps brachii muscle (lateral head)

8. Acromiodeltoid muscle

9. Spinodeltoid muscle

10. Rhomboideus capitis muscle

11. Splenius capitis muscle

12. Rhomboideus minor muscle

13. Rhomboideus major muscle

14. Spinotrapezius muscle

15. Latissimus dorsi muscle (reflected on left, partially removed on right)

16. Multifidus muscle

17. Spinalis muscle

18. Longissimus muscle

19. Iliocostalis muscle

20. Lumbodorsal fascia (largely removed)

Cat Dissection The Deep Back Muscles

Figure 4-13

Deep Muscles of the Back of the Cat

1. Spinotrapezius muscle

2. Latissimus dorsi muscle (cut and rolled on right)

3. Lumbodorsal fascia

4. Multifidus muscle

Figure 4-13

Deep Muscles of the Back of the Cat

1. Spinotrapezius muscle

2. Latissimus dorsi muscle (cut and rolled on right)

3. Lumbodorsal fascia

4. Multifidus muscle

5. Spinalis muscle

6. Longissimus muscle

7. Iliocostalis muscle

9. Dorsal ramus of spinal nerve

10. External oblique muscle

11. External intercostal muscle

12. Internal intercostal muscle

Dissections

Dorsal View Cat Leg

Figure 4-14 Superficial Muscles of the Cat Left Hind Limb, Dorsal View

1. Lumbodorsal fascia

2. Sartorius muscle

3. Tensor fascia latae muscle

4. Iliotibial tract

5. Gluteus medius muscle

6. Gluteus maximus muscle

7. Caudofemoralis muscle

8. Biceps femoris muscle

9. Semitendinosus muscle

10. Semimembranosus muscle

11. Gastrocnemius muscle

12. Soleus muscle

13. Achilles tendon

14. Calcaneal tuberosity

15. Flexor hallucis longus muscle

16. Peroneus brevis muscle

17. Peroneus longus muscle and tendon

18. Tibialis anterior muscle

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-15

Deep Muscles of the Cat Left

Hind Limb, Dorsal View

1. Lumbodorsal fascia

2. Sartorius muscle

3. Tensor fascia latae muscle

4. Vastus lateralis muscle

5. Gluteus medius muscle (under fascia)

6. Gluteus maximus muscle (under fascia)

7. Caudofemoralis muscle

8. Biceps femoris muscle (cut)

9. Semitendinosus muscle (cut)

10. Semimembranosus muscle

11. Adductor femoris muscle

12. Sciatic nerve

13. Common peroneal division of sciatic nerve

14. Tibial division of sciatic nerve

15. Gastrocnemius muscle

16. Soleus muscle

17. Achilles tendon

18. Flexor hallucis longus muscle

19. Peroneus longus muscle

20. Tibialis anterior muscle

21. Extensor digitorum longus muscle

22. Proximal extensor retinaculum

23. Distal extensor retinaculum

Cats Anterior TibialisHindlimb Feline Muscles

Dissections 113

Figure 4-16

Superficial Muscles of the Cat Left Hind Limb, Medial View

1. Rectus abdominis muscle

2. External oblique muscle

3. Sartorius muscle

4. Iliopsoas muscle (deep to blood vessels)

6. Pectineus muscle (deep to blood vessels)

7. Adductor longus muscle

8. Adductor femoris muscle

9. Gracilis muscle

10. Semitendinosus muscle

11. Greater saphenous vein

12. Branch of obturator nerve

Feline Saphenous Veins

/

Superficial Muscles of the Cat Left Hind Limb, Medial View

1. Sartorius muscle (cut)

3. Pectineus muscle (deep to blood vessels)

4. Adductor longus muscle

5. Adductor femoris muscle

6. Gracilis muscle (cut)

7. Semitendinosus muscle

8. Tensor fascia latae muscle

9. Semimembranosus muscle

10. Vastus lateralis muscle

11. Rectus femoris muscle

12. Gastrocnemius muscle

13. Vastus medialis muscle

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-18

Deep Muscles of the Cat Left Hind Limb, Medial View

1. Sartorius muscle (cut)

2. Tensor fascia latae muscle

3. Vastus lateralis muscle

4. Rectus femoris muscle

6. Middle caudal femoral artery and vein

7. Pectineus muscle (under femoral artery and vein)

8. Adductor longus muscle

9. Adductor femoris muscle

10. Gracilis muscle (cut)

11. Semimembranosus muscle

12. Semitendinosus muscle

13. Biceps femoris muscle

14. Gastrocnemius muscle (reflected)

15. Soleus muscle

16. Achilles tendon

17. Posterior tibial nerve

18. Flexor hallucis longus muscle

19. Flexor digitorum longus muscle

20. Tibialis posterior muscle

21. Tibia

22. Tibialis anterior muscle

23. Proximal extensor retinaculum

24. Vastus medialis muscle

Cat Leg Retinaculum

Figure 4-19 Deep Muscles of the Cat Shoulder and Thorax, Right Ventral View

1. Latissimus dorsi muscle (reflected)

2. Scalenus muscles a. Anterior (continuous with transversus costarum)

b. Medius c. Posterior

4. Radial nerve

5. External jugular vein

6. Internal jugular vein

7. Thoracodorsal nerve

8. Long thoracic nerve

9. Thoracoacromial blood vessels

10. Serratus ventralis muscle

11. Teres major muscle

12. Subscapularis muscle

13. Sternum

14. Ventral thoracic nerve

15. Pectoral muscles

Cat Brachial Plexus

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-20 Brachial Plexus of the Cat, Right Ventral View

1. Biceps brachii muscle

2. Radial nerve

3. Musculocutaneous nerve

4. Coracobrachial muscle

5. Median nerve

6. Lateral (l) and median (m) roots of the median nerve

7. Ulnar nerve

8. Axillary artery

9. Axillary vein

10. External jugular vein

11. Thoracodorsal nerve

12. Thoracodorsal artery

13. Thoracoacromial artery

14. Anterior circumflex humeral artery and axillary nerve

15. Caudal subscapular nerve

16. Proximal subscapular nerve

17. Dorsal rami of thoracic nerves

18. Latissimus dorsi muscle (reflected)

Spinalis Dorsi

Dissections

Thymus Gland Cat

Figure 4-21

Thoracic Cavity of the Cat

1. Heart within pericardium

2. Thymus gland

3. Diaphragm

4. Lung, anterior lobe

5. Lung, middle lobe

6. Lung, posterior lobe

Figure 4-21

Thoracic Cavity of the Cat

1. Heart within pericardium

2. Thymus gland

3. Diaphragm

4. Lung, anterior lobe

5. Lung, middle lobe

6. Lung, posterior lobe

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-22

Major Veins of the Cat, Neck and Thorax

1. External jugular vein

2. Internal jugular vein

3. Common carotid artery (right)

4. Vagus nerve

5. Trachea

6. Transverse scapular vein

7. Subscapular vein

8. Thoracodorsal vein

9. Subclavian vein

10. Ventral thoracic (cut)

11. Axillary vein

12. Latissimus dorsi muscle

13. Brachial vein

14. a. radial vein b. ulnar vein

15. Brachiocephalic vein

16. Superior vena cava

17. Radial nerve

18. Median nerve

19. Ulnar nerve

20. Thoracodorsal nerve

21. Lymph node

22. Submandibular gland

23. Parotid gland

24. Heart

25. Lung

26. Thymus gland

27. Anterior thoracic vein (cut) (internal mammary vein)

28. Long thoracic vein (cut)

Thymus Gland Dissected Cat

Dissections

Transverse Scapular Artery Cat

Figure 4-23

Major Arteries of the Cat, Neck and Thorax

1. Common carotid artery

2. Vagus nerve

3. Vertebral artery

4. Transverse scapular artery

5. Axillary artery

6. Brachial artery

7. Thoraco-acromial artery (a) and nerve (n)

8. Musculocutaneous nerve

9. Median nerve

10. Radial nerve

11. Ulnar nerve

12. Trachea

13. Esophagus (displaced to animal's left from normal position posterior to trachea)

14. Phrenic nerve

15. Right subclavian artery

16. Brachiocephalic artery

17. Left subclavian artery

18. Aortic arch

19. Anterior vena cava (cut)

20. Teres major muscle

21. Subscapularis muscle

22. Biceps brachii muscle

23. Triceps brachii muscle (long head)

24. Heart

25. Lung, anterior lobe

26. Lung, middle lobe

27. Lung, mediastinal lobe

28. Lung, posterior lobe

29. Right auricle

30. Diaphragm

CHAPTER 4

Figure 4-24

Thorax of the Cat, Heart

and

Lungs Removed

1.

Trachea

2.

Esophagus

3.

Aortic arch

4.

Brachiocephalic artery

5.

Right common carotid

artery

6.

Left common carotid

artery

7.

Vagus nerve

8.

Sympathetic trunk

9.

Left subclavian artery

10.

Phrenic nerve

11.

Vertebral artery

12.

Left axillary artery

13.

Thyrocervical artery

14.

Internal mammary artery

15.

Right and left primary

bronchi

16.

Inferior vena cava

17.

Diaphragm

18.

Rib

19.

Subscapular artery (cut)

Figure 4-24

Thorax of the Cat, Heart

Cat Lymphatic Dissection

Dissections

Cat Neck Arteries

Figure 4-25

Veins, Arteries, and Nerves of the Cat Neck and Thorax

(A) Veins Removed on Cat's Left Side, Heart Reflected to Right

(B) Arteries, Veins, and Thoracic Viscera Removed

Transverse Scapular Artery Cat

Figure 4-25

Veins, Arteries, and Nerves of the Cat Neck and Thorax

(A) Veins Removed on Cat's Left Side, Heart Reflected to Right

(B) Arteries, Veins, and Thoracic Viscera Removed

1. Larynx

8.

Spinal accessory nerve (XI)

21.

Brachiocephalic vein

2. Thyroid gland (reflected)

9.

Spinal nerves IV, V, and VI

22.

Superior vena cava

3. Common carotid artery

10.

Brachial plexus

23.

Azygous vein (cut)

4. Vagus nerve

11.

Lymph node (reflected and

24.

Heart (reflected to cat's right)

5. Sympathetic trunk (In A, two

pinned)

25.

Right auricle

pins have been placed along

12.

Soft palate (cut)

26.

Left auricle

sympathetic trunk. Upper pin

13.

Eustachian tubes (hidden behind

27.

Diaphragm

head is just caudal to swelling of

reflected tissue of soft palate)

28.

Esophagus

sympathetic trunk, the superior

14.

Epiglottis

29.

Trachea

cervical ganglion. Lower transverse

15.

Internal jugular vein

30.

Radial nerve

pin is just proximal to similar

16.

External jugular vein

31.

Musculocutaneous nerve

swelling, the middle cervical

17.

Subscapular vein

32.

Median nerve

ganglion.)

18.

Brachial vein

33.

Ulnar nerve

6. Phrenic nerve

19.

Axillary vein

34.

Caudal subscapular nerve

7. Aorta

20.

Subclavian vein

35.

Axillary nerve

Eder et al.: Laboratory I 4. Dissections I Text I © The McGraw-Hill

Atlas of Anatomy and Companies, 2003

Physiology, Fourth Edition

CHAPTER 4

31 Days To Bigger Arms

31 Days To Bigger Arms

You can have significantly bigger arms in only 31 days. How much bigger? That depends on a lot of factors. You werent able to select your parents so youre stuck with your genetic potential to build muscles. You may have a good potential or you may be like may of the rest of us who have averages Potential. Download this great free ebook and start learns how to build your muscles up.

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  • Courtney
    What is the function of the tibialis anterior?
    6 years ago
  • sophia
    Where are the external intercostal muscles in the cat?
    6 years ago
  • alina
    Where is tibialis posterior in cat?
    6 years ago
  • fethawit
    Where is longissimus muscles in animal?
    6 years ago
  • hasan aitken
    What are the deep posterior foot muscles?
    6 years ago
  • linda
    Where is the common trunk of the mammary vein?
    6 years ago
  • valentino
    What is superior iliac spine?
    6 years ago
  • tyler
    How to dissect an angle?
    6 years ago
  • zufan
    Where are the internal intercostals on a cat?
    6 years ago
  • cora
    Where is the lumbodorsal fascia?
    6 years ago
  • bernd
    Where are the Semitendinosus Semimembranosus in cats?
    6 years ago
  • lorenzo bruce
    What is the anconeus of a cat?
    6 years ago
  • aamu haapakoski
    What bone is the posterior superior iliac spine on?
    6 years ago
  • aamos
    What are 12 major muscles in a cat?
    5 years ago
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    What is flexor digitorum longus tendon?
    5 years ago
  • temshe
    How to stretch brachial bone?
    5 years ago
  • maria
    Where is the thoracic duct brachiocephalic vein?
    5 years ago
  • dennis
    Where are lymph nodes in lower leg?
    5 years ago
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    How to Read Head CT anatomy?
    5 years ago
  • Melilot
    What muscles attach to posterior superior iliac spine?
    5 years ago
  • sirpa
    Where subscapularis on cat anatomy?
    5 years ago
  • feaven
    Where is tibialis anterior located on a cat?
    5 years ago
  • germana
    What is the structure of the posterior superior iliac spine?
    5 years ago
  • Quarantino Udinese
    What is the function of Posterior Superior Iliac Spine?
    5 years ago
  • peter
    What muscle Posterior Superior Iliac Spine?
    5 years ago
  • Marcel
    What attaches to the posterior inferior iliac spine?
    5 years ago
  • gary
    Is the semitendinosus muscle anterior or posterior?
    3 years ago
  • mari
    Where is the superiorilliatic bone?
    2 years ago
  • danait
    What is the function of thymus gland?
    1 year ago

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