Enterocytes Glucose Sodium
kThe enterocyte Na -dependent carrier system for glucose and galactose.

The sugars absorbed by enterocytes are transported by the portal blood to the liver where they are converted to glycogen or remain in the blood. After a meal, the level of blood glucose rises rapidly, usually peaking at 30 to 60 minutes. The concentration of glucose can be as high as 150 mg/dL. Although enterocytes can use glucose for fuel, glu-tamine is preferred. Both galactose and glucose can be used in the glycosylation of proteins in the Golgi apparatus of the enterocytes.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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