Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a 28-amino acid polypeptide synthesized and stored in the atrial muscle cells and released into the bloodstream when the atria are stretched. By increasing sodium excretion, it decreases blood volume (see Chapter 24). It also inhibits renin release as well as aldosterone and AVP secretion. Increased ANP (along with decreased aldosterone and AVP) may be partially responsible for the reduction in blood volume that occurs with prolonged bed rest. When central blood volume and atrial stretch are increased, ANP secretion rises, leading to higher sodium excretion and a reduction in blood volume.
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One of the main home remedies that you need to follow to prevent gallstones is a healthy lifestyle. You need to maintain a healthy body weight to prevent gallstones. The following are the best home remedies that will help you to treat and prevent gallstones.