Nematophagous fungi are ubiquitous organisms with the capacity to attack, infect and digest living nematodes at all stages, adults, juveniles and eggs. They may use trapping organs, spores and appressoria to initiate infection of their nematode hosts. The nematophagous fungi may not only infect nematodes, but may also infect other fungi as mycoparasites, and colonize plant roots endophytically. These various capabilities of nematophagous fungi, the latter in particular, may render them good candidates for biological control of plant root diseases.
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