a. Inspect each elbow for maximum extension to 0 degrees and full flexion to 150 degrees. Less than full extension is reported in degrees as flexion deformity or lack of extension.

b. Inspection and palpation may reveal the presence of olecranon bursitis at the elbow tip or the soft-tissue swelling of synovitis, which is felt in the fossae between the olecranon and lateral epicondyle or between the olecranon and medial epicondyle.

c. Subcutaneous nodules and tophi should be sought in the olecranon bursa and over the extensor surface of the elbow and forearm.

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