Measures muscle contractions
RESULTS Stretching depolarizes the smooth muscle membrane. The depolarization causes action potentials that activate the contractile mechanism.
The force of contraction of the muscle is measured.
Experiment 2 Response of muscle strip to neurotransmitters of the autonomic nervous system.
When acetylcholine is dripped onto the muscle, the cells depolarize, fire action potentials more rapidly, and increase their force of contraction.
Norepinephrine, on the other hand, causes the cells to hyperpolarize, decrease their rate of firing, and decrease their force of contraction.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.