1. How may it be advantageous for some species to have seeds whose dormancy is broken by fire?
2. Cocklebur fruits contain two seeds each, and the two seeds are kept dormant by two different mechanisms. How might this use of two mechanisms of dormancy be advantageous to cockleburs?
3. Corn stunt virus causes a great reduction in the growth rate of infected corn plants, so the diseased plants take on a dwarfed form. Since their appearance is reminiscent of the genetically dwarfed corn studied by Phinney, you suspect that the virus may inhibit the synthesis of gibberellins by the corn plants. Describe two experiments you might conduct to test this hypothesis, only one of which should require chemical measurement.
4. Whereas relatively low concentrations of auxin promote the elongation of segments cut from young plant stems, higher concentrations generally inhibit their growth, as shown:
In some plants, the inhibitory effects of high auxin concentrations appear to be secondary: High auxin concentrations cause the synthesis of ethylene, which is what causes the growth inhibition. Silver thiosulfate inhibits ethylene action. How do you think the addition of silver thiosulfate to the solutions in which the stem segments grew would affect the appearance of the above graph?
5. Some etiolated seedlings develop hairs on their epidermis when exposed to dim light. Describe an experiment to test the hypothesis that a phytochrome is the photoreceptor for this effect.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.