Life Cycle of Chameleons

Most chameleons are arboreal. Exceptions include pygmy (stump-tailed) chameleons, which are small, ground-living, and lack prehensile tails. Male chameleons are territorial. In many cases, male invaders of a territory are fought actively and the battle ends in the death of one male. In some cases, the combat is ritual, though the male who is faced down leaves.

Males and females are solitary, coming together only to mate. Most color changes indicate breeding intentions, pregnancy, or, on the part of females, disinterest. Regardless of species, chameleons mate year round. Females can lay fertilized eggs several years after mating because they store sperm and can delay their fertilization.

Females lay batches of ten to sixty eggs, in some cases in burrows, in others in trees. In vivaparous species, the young, developed from eggs carried by mothers, are expelled onto tree branches. After laying eggs or depositing their young, females have no further contact with offspring.

Young chameleons break out of their eggs via egg teeth, designed for this purpose. The egg

Image Not Available teeth later fall out, as they have no other use. Chameleons live for five to ten years, if they reach old age.

+10 -3

Post a comment