Centipede Facts


Kingdom: Animalia Subkingdom: Bilateria Phylum: Arthropoda Subphylum: Uniramia Class: Chilopoda (Centipedes) Families: Geophilidae (soil centipedes), Litho-biidae (stone centipedes), Scolopendridae (tropical centipedes), Scutigeridae (house centipedes)

Geographical location: Worldwide, in temperate, warm, or tropical regions Habitat: Under stones, logs, leaves, other ground litter; in human habitations Gestational period: Eggs hatch in two to four weeks

Life span: Six to ten years Special anatomy: Sensory antennae; compound eyes; toothed jaws and underjaws; segments, each with two pairs of legs; poison claws; cercus; air tubes


Hopkin, Stephen P., and Helen J. Read. The Biology of Millipedes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. Full of information on millipede evolution, anatomy, diet, reproduction, and enemies.

Lewis, John Gordon Elkan. The Biology of Centipedes. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Thoroughly describes a great number of centipedes

Preston-Mafham, Ken. Discovering Centipedes and Millipedes. New York: Bookwright Press, 1990. Abrief introduction to the natural history of centipedes and millipedes.

Shelley, Rowland M. Centipedes and Millipedes: With Emphasis on North American Fauna. Emporia, Kans.: Emporia State University, 1999. A brief publication on centipedes and millipedes.

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