Setup for Two Surgeons

The advantage of having two surgeons is that one can hold the camera while the other has two hands free (Fig. 10.5a-c). This means that for very vascular tumors it is possible to suck and operate at the same time and, where navigational surgery is critical, that a guiding instrument can be used at the same time as operating. It also allows the operator to place traction

Navigational Surgery

Fig. 10.4a-c Setup for one surgeon.

on tissue and cut at the same time, thus allowing more delicate surgery. The surgeon holding the camera sits at the head of the table with the endoscope and camera steadied by both hands. Both surgeons can see the video screen, which is positioned a little further back.

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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