Word Parts Pertaining to the Nervous System

TABLE 17-1 Roots for the Nervous System and the Spinal Cord

ROOT

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

neur/o, neur/i

nervous system, nervous tissue, nerve

neurotoxic nu-rO-TOK-sik

harmful or poisonous to a nerve or nervous tissue

gli/o

neuroglia

glioma gli-O-ma

a neuroglial tumor

gangli/o, ganglion/o

ganglion

ganglion ectomy gang-gle-o-NEK-tO-me

surgical removal of a ganglion

mening/o, meninge/o

meninges

meningocele me-NING-gO-sel

hernia of the meninges through the skull or spinal column

myel/o

spinal cord (also bone marrow)

m yelodysplasia mi -e-lO-dis-PLA-se-a

abnormal development of the spinal cord

radicul/o

root of a spinal nerve

radiculopathy ra-dik-U-LOP-a-the

any disease of a spinal nerve root

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