Word Parts Pertaining to Cells Tissues and Organs

TABLE 4-1

Roots for Cells and Tissues

ROOT

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

morph/o

form

polymorphic pol-e-MOR-fik

having many forms

cyt/o, -cyte

cell

cytogenesis si-to-JEN-e-sis

the formation (-genesis) of cells

nucle/o

nucleus

nuclear NU-klë-ar

pertaining to a nucleus

kary/o

nucleus

karyotype (Fig. 4-6) KAR-e-O-tip

picture of the chromosomes of a cell organized according to size

hist/o, histi/o

tissue

histologist his-TOL-O-jist

specialist in the study of tissue

fibr/o

fiber

fibrosis fl-BRO-sis

abnormal formation of fibrous tissue

TABLE 4-1 Roots for Cells and Tissues, continued

ROOT MEANING EXAMPLE DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

TABLE 4-1 Roots for Cells and Tissues, continued

ROOT MEANING EXAMPLE DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

reticul/o

network

reticulu_m re-TIK-U-lum

a network

aden/o

gland

adenoma ad-e-NO-ma

tumor (-oma) of a gland

papill/o

nipple

papilliform pa-PIL-i-form

resembling a nipple

myx/o

mucus

myxadenitis miks-ad-e-NÏ -tis

inflammation of a gland that secretes mucus

muc/o

mucus, mucous membrane

mucorrhea mU-ko-RE-a

increased flow (-rhea) of mucus

somat/o, -some

body

so-MAT-ik

pertaining to the body (as compared with the germ cells or the mind)

Medical Terms
FIGURE 4-6. A karyotype of human chromosomes. (Reprinted with permission from Cohen BJ, Wood DL. Memm-ler's The Human Body in Health and Disease. 9th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000.)

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  • dina
    What are the terms related with cell and tissue?
    2 years ago

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