As mentioned, most medical word parts come from Greek (G) and Latin (L). The original words and their meanings are included in this text only occasionally. They are interesting, however, and may aid in learning. For example, muscle comes from a Latin word that means "mouse" because the movement of a muscle under the skin was thought to resemble the scampering of a mouse.
The coccyx, the tail end of the spine, is named for the cuckoo because it was thought to resemble the cuckoo's bill (Fig. 1-3). For those interested in the derivations of medical words, a good medical dictionary will provide this information. Several such books are listed in the bibliography at the end of this text.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.