Roots Pertaining to the Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems

TABLE 9-1 Roots for the Heart

ROOT

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

cardi/o

heart

cardio myopathy* kar-dë-o-mi-OP-a-thë

any disease of the heart muscle

atri/o

atrium

atriotomy a-trë-OT-o-më

surgical incision of an atrium

ventricul/o

cavity, ventricle

su praventricular SU-pra-ven-TRIK-U-lar

above a ventricle

valv/o, valvul/o

valve

valvectom y val-VEK-to-më

surgical removal of a valve

*Preferred over myocardiopathy.

Mm

Exercise 9-1

1. The word cardiogenic (kar-de-o-GEN-ik) means originating in the

2. Interatrial (in-ter-A-tre-al) means between the _.

3. The word ventriculotomy (ven-trik-u-LOT-o-me) means surgical incision of a(n)

4. A valvuloplasty (val-vu-lo-PLAS-te) is plastic repair of a(n) _.

Write the adjective for each of the following definitions. The proper suffix is given for each.

6. Pertaining to the myocardium (-al; ending differs from adjective ending for the heart) _

8. Pertaining to the pericardium (-al) _

Following the example, write a word for each of the following definitions pertaining to the tissues of the heart:

11. Inflammation of the lining of the heart (usually at a valve) _endocarditis_

12. Inflammation of the heart muscle

13. Inflammation of the fibrous sac around the heart

Write a word for each of the following definitions:

14. Study (-logy) of the heart

15. Enlargement (-megaly) of the heart

16. Between (inter-) the ventricles

17. Pertaining to an atrium and a ventricle

18. Surgical incision of a valve

TABLE 9-2 Roots for the Blood Vessels

ROOT

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

angi/o*

vessel

angiopathy an-je-OP-a-the

any disease of blood vessels

vas/o, vascul/o

vessel, duct

vasodilation vas-o-di -LA-shun

widening of a blood vessel

arter/o, arteri/o

artery

endarter i al end-ar-TE-re-al

within an artery

arteriol/o

arteriole

arte _ iol ar ar-te-re-O-lar

pertaining to an arteriole

aort/o

aorta

aortoptosis a-or-top-TO-sis

downward displacement of the aorta

ven/o, ven/i

vein

venous VE-nus

pertaining to a vein

phleb/o

vein

phlebectasia fleb-ek-TA-ze-a

dilatation of a vein

*The root angi/o usually refers to a blood vessel but is used for other types of vessels as well. Hemangi/o refers specifically to a blood vessel.

*The root angi/o usually refers to a blood vessel but is used for other types of vessels as well. Hemangi/o refers specifically to a blood vessel.

Was this article helpful?

+1 0
Mole Removal

Mole Removal

Moles, warts, and other unsightly irregularities of the skin can be bothersome and even embarrassing. They can be removed naturally... Removing Warts and Moles Naturally! If you have moles, warts, and other skin irregularities that you cannot cover up affecting the way you look, you can have them removed. Doctors can be extremely expensive. Learn the natural ways you can remove these irregularities in the comfort of your own home.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment