Respiratory Distress Syndrome RDS

Respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn, also called hyaline membrane disease, occurs in premature infants and is the most common cause of death in this group. It results from a lack of surfactant in the lungs, which reduces compliance. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), also known as shock lung, may result from trauma, allergic reactions, infection, and other causes. It involves edema that can lead to respiratory failure and death if untreated.

Trachea And Hilum
FIGURE 11-6. Pneumothorax. Injury to lung tissue allows air to leak into the pleural space and put pressure on the lung.

Trachea

-Hilum

Lung

Parietal pleura

Visceral pleura

Pleural effusion

Picture Parietal Lung Tissue

Diaphragm

FIGURE 11-7. Pleural effusion. An abnormal volume of fluid collects in the pleural space.

Diaphragm

FIGURE 11-7. Pleural effusion. An abnormal volume of fluid collects in the pleural space.

FIGURE 11-8. Thoracentesis. A needle is inserted into the pleural space.

FIGURE 11-8. Thoracentesis. A needle is inserted into the pleural space.

Thoracentesis Pneumothorax

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

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