Positions

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In addition to the anatomical position, there are other standard positions in which the body is placed for examination or medical procedures. The most common of these are described in Display 5-2.

Positions With Medical Terms

quadrant rX^r^h

FIGURE 5-5. Quadrants of the abdomen, showing the organs within each quadrant. (Reprinted with permission from Cohen BJ, Wood DL. Memmler's The Human Body in Health and Disease. 9th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000.)

J —

/

Left

upper

Left lower quadrant rX^r^h

FIGURE 5-5. Quadrants of the abdomen, showing the organs within each quadrant. (Reprinted with permission from Cohen BJ, Wood DL. Memmler's The Human Body in Health and Disease. 9th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000.)

Head (cephalic)

Upper _ extremity

Lower _

extremity

Cranium (cranial)

(facial)

Chest -(thoracic)

Arm-

(brachial)

Forearm

(antebrachial)

Hand-

Thigh (femoral) -Knee-

Leg (crural)

Foot (pedal)

Cranium (cranial)

(facial)

Chest -(thoracic)

Arm-

(brachial)

Forearm

Leg (crural)

Lumbar Flank Crural

Forehead (frontal) Eye (ocular)

Mouth (oral)

Thigh (femoral) -Knee-

Forehead (frontal) Eye (ocular)

Mouth (oral)

Breast (mammary) Armpit (axillary)

■ Inner elbow (antecubital)

Navel (umbilical) Groin (inguinal) Pubis (pubic)

Palm (palmar)

Fingers (phalangeal)

Kneecap (patellar)

Ankle (tarsal) Toes

(phalangeal)

FIGURE 5-6. Common terms for body regions, anterior view. Anatomical terms for regions are in parentheses.

Shoulder

Flank

Calf

Shoulder

Anatomical Term For Buttock

Small of back (lumbar)

Sacrum (sacral)

Buttock (gluteal)

FIGURE 5-7. Common terms for body regions, posterior view.

- Base of skull (occipital)

- Neck (cervical)

- Deltoid

- Shoulder blade (scapular)

(brachial)

Small of back (lumbar)

Sacrum (sacral)

Buttock (gluteal)

Ankle (tarsal)

- Sole of foot (plantar)

FIGURE 5-7. Common terms for body regions, posterior view.

DISPLAY 5-2 Body Positions

POSITION

DESCRIPTION

anatomical position

standing erect, facing forward, arms at sides, palms forward, legs parallel, toes pointed forward

decubitus position de-KU-bi-tus

lying down, specifically according to the part of the body resting on a flat surface, as in left or right lateral decubitus, or dorsal or ventral decubitus

dorsal recumbent position

on back, with legs bent and separated, feet flat

Fowler position

on back, head of bed raised about 18 inches, knees elevated

Kraske (Jackknife) position KRAS-ke

prone with the buttocks raised

knee-chest position

on knees, head and upper chest on table, arms crossed above head

lateral recumbent position

on the side with one leg flexed; arm position may vary

lithotomy position li-THOT-o-me

on back, legs flexed on abdomen, thighs apart

prone

lying face down

Sims position

on left side, right leg drawn up high and forward, left arm along back, chest forward resting on bed

supine* SU-pi-n

lying face up

Trendelenburg position tren-DEL-en-berg

on back with head lowered by tilting bed back at 45° angle

*To remember the difference between

prone and supine, look for the word up in supine.

• Key Terms

abdominal cavity ab-DOM-i-nal

The large ventral cavity below the diaphragm and above the pelvic cavity

abdominopelvic cavity ab-dom-i-no-PEL-vik

The large ventral cavity between the diaphragm and pelvis that includes the abdominal and pelvic cavities

anatomic position an-a-TOM-ik

Standard position for anatomical studies, in which the body is erect and facing forward, the arms are at the sides with palms forward, and the feet are parallel

cranial_ cavity KRA-ne-al

The dorsal cavity that contains the brain

diaphragm

DI-a-fram

The muscle that separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity

frontal (coronal) plane ko-RON-al

Plane of section that separates the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions

pelvic cavity

PEL-vik

The ventral cavity that is below the abdominal cavity

peritoneum

The large serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity

per-i-to-NE-um

and covers the organs within it

sagittal plane

Plane that divides the body into right and left portions

SAJ-i-tal

sp_inal cavity (canal)

Dorsal cavity that contains the spinal cord

SPI-nal

th_oracic cavity

The ventral cavity above the diaphragm; the chest cavity

tho-RAS-ik

transverse (horizontal) plane

Plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior

trans-VERS

(lower) portions

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Responses

  • franziska
    What is a flank in medical terms?
    8 years ago
  • nea
    What are flanks on the human body?
    8 years ago
  • Blanco
    What is the medical term for forward position?
    7 years ago

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