Noun Suffixes

TABLE 2-1 Suffixes That Mean "Condition Of"

SUFFIX

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

-ia

phobia FO-be-a

persistent and exaggerated fear

-ism

alcoholism AL-ko-hol-izm

impaired control of alcohol use

-sis*

acidosis as-i-DO-sis

acid condition of body fluids

-y

tetany TET-a-ne

sustained muscle contraction

*The ending -sis may appear with a combining vowel, as -osis, -iasis, -esis, or -asis. The first two of these denote an abnormal condition.

*The ending -sis may appear with a combining vowel, as -osis, -iasis, -esis, or -asis. The first two of these denote an abnormal condition.

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