Labeling Exercise 161

Glands of the Endocrine System

Write the name of each numbered part on the corresponding line of the answer sheet.

Chapter The Endocrine System 161

Adrenals

Parathyroids

Testes

Ovaries

Pineal

Thymus

Pancreatic islets

Pituitary (hypophysis)

Thyroid

1.

6.

2.

7.

3. B.

4.

9.

Match the following terms and write the appropriate letter to the left of each number:

1. hypothalamus

2. cortex

3. islets

4. hypophysis

5. calcium a. outer region of an organ b. substance regulated by the parathyroids c. part of the brain that controls the pituitary d. pancreatic endocrine cells e. pituitary

6.

iodine

a.

pancreatic hormone that regulates sugar metabolism

7.

oxytocin

b.

hormone produced by the adrenal medulla

8.

hydrocortisone

c.

hormone that produces uterine contractions

9.

glucagon

d.

ingredient in thyroid hormone

10.

epinephrine

e.

hormone produced by the adrenal cortex

11.

OGTT

a.

form of diabetes mellitus

12.

NPH

b.

test of sugar metabolism

13.

ACTH

c.

hormone that increases water reabsorption in the kidneys

14.

ADH

d.

a form of insulin

15.

NIDDM

e.

hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex

16.

Graves disease

a.

enlargement of the thyroid

17.

myxedema

b.

disorder caused by underactivity of the adrenal cortex

18.

Cushing syndrome

c.

condition caused by hyperthyroidism

19.

goiter

d.

disorder caused by overactivity of the adrenal cortex

20.

Addison disease

e.

disorder caused by lack of thyroid hormone in adults

LEMENTARY TERMS

21.

glycosylated hemoglobin

a.

tumor of the pituitary gland

22.

Hashimoto disease

b.

small gland in the brain that is regulated by light

23.

pheochromocytoma

c.

chronic thyroiditis

24.

pineal

d.

substance used in testing for diabetes

25.

craniopharyngioma

e.

tumor of the adrenal medulla

Fill in the blanks:

26. The gland under the brain that controls other glands is the _.

27. The gland in the neck that affects metabolic rate is the _.

28. The endocrine glands located above the kidneys are the _.

29. The hormone insulin is so named because it is produced by the _.

30. The most common endocrine disorder is _.

31. Excess sugar in the blood is called _.

Define each of the following words:

33. hypopituitarism (hi-po-pi-TU-i-ta-rizm) _

34. adrenalectomy (ad-re-nal-EK-to-me) _

35. hyperthyroidism (hi-per-THI-royd-ism) _

36. endocrinologist (en-do-kri-NOL-o-jist) _

37. adrenocortical (ad-re-no-KOR-ti-kal) _

Word building. Write a word for each of the following definitions:

38. pertaining to the hypophysis _

39. inflammation of the pancreatic islets _

40. enlargement of the adrenal gland _

Use the full name of the gland as the root to write a word for each of the following definitions:

41. removal of one half (hemi-) of the thyroid gland _

42. inflammation of the thyroid gland _

43. surgical removal of parathyroid gland _

44. condition caused by underactivity of the adrenal gland _

Use the root thyr/o to write a word for each of the following definitions:

45. acting on the thyroid gland _

46. destructive of (-lytic) thyroid tissue _

47. any disease of the thyroid gland _

Word analysis. Define each of the following words, and give the meaning of the word parts in each. Use a dictionary if necessary.

48. euthyroidism _

49. adrenocorticotropic a. adren/o _

50. panhypopituitarism a. pan- _

51. thyrotoxicosis _

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • fulvus
    What is a port line in medical terms?
    5 years ago

Post a comment