Exercise

Fill in the blanks:

1. The term bacillary (BAS-il-a-re) means pertaining to

2. The prefix staphyl/o- means_

3. The prefix strept/o- means _

Use the suffix -logy to write a word that means the same as each of the following:

4. Study of viruses _

6. Study of bacteria _

Supplementary Terms

GENERAL TERMS PERTAINING TO DISEASE

acid-fast stain

A laboratory staining procedure used mainly to identify the tuberculosis organism

exacerbation_

eks-zas-er-BA-shun

Worsening of disease; increase in severity of a disease or its symptoms

_iatrog_enic i -ai-ro-JEN-ik

Caused by the effects of treatment (from Greek root iairo-, meaning "physician")

idiop_athic id-e-o-PATH-ik

Having no known cause

in s i tu in Sl-iu

Localized, noninvasive (literally "in position"); said of tumors that do not spread, such as carcinoma in situ (CIS)

noso_comial_

nos-o-KO-me-al

Describing an infection acquired in a hospital (root nos/o means "disease," and comial refers to a hospital).

Such infections can be a serious problem, especially if they are resistant to antibiotics; for example, there are now strains of methicillin-resistant Siaphy-lococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA), which cause troublesome infections in hospital settings.

opportu_nistic op-por-iu-NIS-iik

Describing an infection that occurs because of a poor or altered condition of the host

remission re-MISH-un

A lessening of disease symptoms; the period during which such lessening occurs

septicemia_

sep-ii-SE-me-a

Presence of pathogenic bacteria in the blood; blood poisoning

systemic sis-TEM-ik

Pertaining to the whole body

MANIFESTATIONS OF DISEASE

abscess AB-ses

A localized collection of pus

adhes_ion ad-HE-zhun

A uniting of two surfaces or parts that may normally be separated

Manifestations of Disease, continued

anaplasia

Lack of normal differentiation, as shown by cancer cells

a-na-PLA-je-a

ascites

Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity

a-SI-tez

celluliiis

A spreading inflammation of tissue

sel-u-LI-tis

effusion

Escape of fluid into a cavity or other body part

e-FU-zhun

exudate

Material that escapes from blood vessels as a result of injury to tissues

EKS-u-dat

fissure

A groove or split

FISH-ur

fistula

An abnormal passage between two organs or from an organ to the surface of the

FIS-tu-la

body

gangrene

Death of tissue, usually caused by lack of blood supply; may be associated with

GANG-grën

bacterial infection and decomposition

h yperplas ia

Excessive growth of normal cells in normal arrangement

hi -per-PLA-j e-a

hypertrophy

An increase in size of an organ without increase in the number of cells; may

hï-PER-trô-fë

result from an increase in activity, as in muscles

indu rati on

Hardening; an abnormally hard spot or place

in-du-RA-shun

metaplasia

Conversion of cells to a form that is not normal for that tissue (prefix meta-

met-a-PLA-je-a

means "change")

polyp

A tumor attached by a thin stalk

POL-ip

purul ent

Forming or containing pus

PUR-u-lent

supp ura tion

Pus formation

sup-u-RA-shun

ABBREVIATIONS

CA

Cancer

staph

Staphylococcus

CIS

Carcinoma in situ

strep

Streptococcus

FUO

Fever of unknown origin

VRSA

Vancomycin-resistant

MRSA

Methicillin-resistant

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus

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