Exercise

Match the following terms and write the appropriate letter to the left of each number:

1. osteonecrosis (os-te-o-ne-KRO-sis)

2. craniomalacia (kra-ne-o-ma-LA-she-a)

3. hemostasis (he-mo-STA-sis)

4. gastrectasia (gas-trek-TA-se-a)

5. hemolysis (he-MOL-i-sis)

a. destruction of blood cells b. stoppage of blood flow c. softening of the skull d. dilatation of the stomach e. death of bone tissue

The root bronch/o means "bronchus," an air passageway in the lungs. Define the following words:

6. bronchodilation (brong-ko-di-LA-shun) widening of a bronchus

8. bronchospasm (BRONG-ko-spazm) _

9. bronchostenosis (brong-ko-ste-NO-sis) _

The root bronch/o means "bronchus," an air passageway in the lungs. Define the following words:

6. bronchodilation (brong-ko-di-LA-shun) widening of a bronchus

8. bronchospasm (BRONG-ko-spazm) _

9. bronchostenosis (brong-ko-ste-NO-sis) _

TABLE 6-5

Prefixes and Roots for Infectious Diseases

WORD PART

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

PREFIXES

staphyl/o

grapelike cluster

staphylococcus staf-i-lo-KOK-us

a round bacterium that forms clusters

strept/o

twisted chain

streptobacillus strep-to-ba-SIL-us

a rod-shaped bacterium that forms chains

ROOTS

bacill/i, bacill/o

bacillus

bacilluria bas-i-LU-re-a

bacilli in the urine (-uria)

bacteri/o

bacterium

bactericide bak-TER-i-sid

agent that kills (-cide) bacteria

myc/o

fungus, mold

mycosis mi-KO-sis

any disease condition caused by a fungus

vir/o

virus

v i remia vi-RE-me-a

presence of viruses in the blood (-emia)

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