Exercise

Fill in the blanks:

1. Acrokinesia (ak-ro-ki-NE-se-a) is excess motion (-kinesia) of the

2. Animals that brachiate (BRA-ke-at), such as monkeys, swing from place to place using their

3. A dactylospasm (DAK-til-o-spazm) is a cramp (spasm) of the

4. The term brachiocephalic (bra-ke-o-se-FAL-ik) refers to the

5. Podiatry (po-DI-a-tre) is a specialty that treats problems of the

6. A bipedal animal has two _

TABLE 5-3 Prefixes for Position and Direction

PREFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

circum-

around

circumoral ser-kum-OR-al

around the mouth

peri-

around

perivascular per-e-VAS-kU-lar

around a vessel (vascul/o)

intra-

in, within

intrauterine in-tra-O-ter-in

within the uterus

epi-

on, over

epithelium ep-i-THE-le-um

tissue that covers surfaces

extra-

outside

extracellular eks-tra-SEL-U-lar

outside a cell or cells

infra-*

below

infrapatellar in-fra-pa-TEL-ar

below the kneecap (patella)

sub-*

below, under

sublingual sub-LING-gwal

under the tongue (lingu/o)

inter-

between

intercostal in-ter-KOS-tal

between the ribs (cost/o)

juxta-

near, beside

juxtaposition juks-ta-po-ZI-shun

a location near or beside another structure

para-

near, beside behind

parasagittal par-a-SAJ-i-tal

near or beside a sagittal plane

retro-

backward

retro peritoneal re-tro-per-i-to-NE-al

behind the peritoneum

supra-

above

suprascapular su-pra-SKAP-u-lar

above the scapula (shoulder blade)

*Also indicates degree.

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