Exercise

Fill in the blanks:

1. Amylase (AM-i-las) is an enzyme that digests

2. The ending -ose indicates that maltose is a(n)

3. Glucogenesis (glU-ko-JEN-e-sis) is the formation of _

4. Hydrotherapy is treatment using _.

5. Liposuction is the surgical removal of _

6. Adipose tissue stores _.

Identify and define the root in each of the following words:

Root Meaning of Root

Supplementary Terms

amino acids a-me-no

The nitrogen-containing compounds that make up proteins

anabolism a-NAB-o-lizm

The type of metabolism in which body substances are made; the building phase of metabolism

catabolism ka-TAB-o-lizm

The type of metabolism in which substances are broken down for energy and simple compounds

collagen

KOL-a-jen

A fibrous protein found in connective tissue

cortex KOR-tex

The outer region of an organ

gly_cog_en GLI-ko-jen

A complex sugar compound stored in liver and muscles; broken down into glucose when needed for energy

interstitial in-ter-STISH-al

Between parts, such as the spaces between cells in a tissue

medulla me-DUL-la

The inner region of an organ; marrow (root medull/o)

parenchyma par-EN-ki-ma

The functional tissue of an organ

parie_tal pa-RI-e-tal

Pertaining to a wall; describes a membrane that lines a body cavity

so_ma

SO-ma

The body. Used as the suffix -some to mean a small body, as in ribosome, lysosome, chromosome

stem cell

An immature cell that has the capacity to develop into any of a variety of different cell types. A precursor cell.

visceral VIS-er-al

Pertaining to the internal organs; describes a membrane on the surface of an organ

Diagram of a Typical Animal Cell

Write the name of each numbered part on the corresponding line of the answer sheet.

Labeling Exercise Animal Cell

Diagram of a typical animal cell. (Reprinted with permission from Cohen BJ, Wood DL. Memmler's The Human Body in Health and Disease. 9th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000.)

Centriole Cytoplasm

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Genetic material (DNA) Golgi apparatus Lysosome Mitochondrion Nuclear membrane Nucleolus Nucleus

Plasma membrane Ribosomes

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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