Fill in the blanks:

1. Amylase (AM-i-las) is an enzyme that digests

2. The ending -ose indicates that maltose is a(n)

3. Glucogenesis (glU-ko-JEN-e-sis) is the formation of _

4. Hydrotherapy is treatment using _.

5. Liposuction is the surgical removal of _

6. Adipose tissue stores _.

Identify and define the root in each of the following words:

Root Meaning of Root

Supplementary Terms

amino acids a-me-no

The nitrogen-containing compounds that make up proteins

anabolism a-NAB-o-lizm

The type of metabolism in which body substances are made; the building phase of metabolism

catabolism ka-TAB-o-lizm

The type of metabolism in which substances are broken down for energy and simple compounds



A fibrous protein found in connective tissue

cortex KOR-tex

The outer region of an organ

gly_cog_en GLI-ko-jen

A complex sugar compound stored in liver and muscles; broken down into glucose when needed for energy

interstitial in-ter-STISH-al

Between parts, such as the spaces between cells in a tissue

medulla me-DUL-la

The inner region of an organ; marrow (root medull/o)

parenchyma par-EN-ki-ma

The functional tissue of an organ

parie_tal pa-RI-e-tal

Pertaining to a wall; describes a membrane that lines a body cavity



The body. Used as the suffix -some to mean a small body, as in ribosome, lysosome, chromosome

stem cell

An immature cell that has the capacity to develop into any of a variety of different cell types. A precursor cell.

visceral VIS-er-al

Pertaining to the internal organs; describes a membrane on the surface of an organ

Diagram of a Typical Animal Cell

Write the name of each numbered part on the corresponding line of the answer sheet.

Labeling Exercise Animal Cell

Diagram of a typical animal cell. (Reprinted with permission from Cohen BJ, Wood DL. Memmler's The Human Body in Health and Disease. 9th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000.)

Centriole Cytoplasm

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Genetic material (DNA) Golgi apparatus Lysosome Mitochondrion Nuclear membrane Nucleolus Nucleus

Plasma membrane Ribosomes

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