Exercise

Match the following terms and write the appropriate letter to the left of each number:

1.

erythroblast (e-RITH ro-blast)

a.

organism capable of manufacturing its own food

2.

hypertrophy (hi -PER-tro-fe)

b.

formation of a nucleus

3.

phagocytosis (fag-o-si -TO-sis)

c.

increased growth of tissue

4.

karyogenesis (kar-1-ö-JEN-e-sis)

d.

ingestion of waste by a cell

5.

autotroph (AW-to-trof )

e.

immature red blood cell

6.

somatotropic (so-mat-o-TROP-ik)

a.

attracting color

7.

chromophilic (kro-mo-FIL-ik)

b.

acting on the body

8.

neoplasia (ne-o-PLA-je-a)

c.

substance that acts on the sex glands

9.

aplasia (a-PLA-je-a)

d.

new formation of tissue

10.

gonadotropin (gon-a-do-TRO-pin)

e.

lack of development

Identify and define the root in each of the following words:

Root Meaning of Root

TABLE 4-3 Suffixes and Roots for Body Chemistry

WORD PART

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

SUFFIXES

-ase

enzyme

lipase Li-pas

enzyme that digests fat (lipid)

-ose

sugar

lactose LAK-tos

hydr/o

water, fluid

hydrophilic hi-dro-FIL-ik

attracting water

gluc/o

glucose

glucosuria glu-ko-SU-re-a

presence of glucose in the urine (-ur/o)

glyc/o

sugar, glucose

hyperglycem ¡a hi-per-gli -SE-me-a

high blood sugar

sacchar/o

sugar

polysaccharid e pol-e-SAK-a-rid

compound containing many sugars

amyl/o

starch

amyloid AM-i-loyd

resembling starch

lip/o

lipid, fat

lipogenesis lip-o-JEN-e-sis

formation of fat

adip/o

fat

adipocyte AD-i-po-sit

cell that stores fat

steat/o

fatty

steator rhea ste-a-to-RE-a

discharge (-rhea) of fatty stools

prote/o

protein

protease PRO-te-as

enzyme that digests protein

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment