Exercise

Match the following terms and write the appropriate letter to the left of each number:

1.

erythroblast (e-RITH ro-blast)

a.

organism capable of manufacturing its own food

2.

hypertrophy (hi -PER-tro-fe)

b.

formation of a nucleus

3.

phagocytosis (fag-o-si -TO-sis)

c.

increased growth of tissue

4.

karyogenesis (kar-1-ö-JEN-e-sis)

d.

ingestion of waste by a cell

5.

autotroph (AW-to-trof )

e.

immature red blood cell

6.

somatotropic (so-mat-o-TROP-ik)

a.

attracting color

7.

chromophilic (kro-mo-FIL-ik)

b.

acting on the body

8.

neoplasia (ne-o-PLA-je-a)

c.

substance that acts on the sex glands

9.

aplasia (a-PLA-je-a)

d.

new formation of tissue

10.

gonadotropin (gon-a-do-TRO-pin)

e.

lack of development

Identify and define the root in each of the following words:

Root Meaning of Root

TABLE 4-3 Suffixes and Roots for Body Chemistry

WORD PART

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

SUFFIXES

-ase

enzyme

lipase Li-pas

enzyme that digests fat (lipid)

-ose

sugar

lactose LAK-tos

hydr/o

water, fluid

hydrophilic hi-dro-FIL-ik

attracting water

gluc/o

glucose

glucosuria glu-ko-SU-re-a

presence of glucose in the urine (-ur/o)

glyc/o

sugar, glucose

hyperglycem ¡a hi-per-gli -SE-me-a

high blood sugar

sacchar/o

sugar

polysaccharid e pol-e-SAK-a-rid

compound containing many sugars

amyl/o

starch

amyloid AM-i-loyd

resembling starch

lip/o

lipid, fat

lipogenesis lip-o-JEN-e-sis

formation of fat

adip/o

fat

adipocyte AD-i-po-sit

cell that stores fat

steat/o

fatty

steator rhea ste-a-to-RE-a

discharge (-rhea) of fatty stools

prote/o

protein

protease PRO-te-as

enzyme that digests protein

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