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Match the following terms and write the appropriate letter to the left of each number:

1. pandemic (pan-DEM-ik)

2. hyposecretion (hi-po-se-KRE-shun)

3. hypertension (hi-per-TEN-shun)

5. superficial (su-per-FISH-al)

a. located at the surface (above other structures)

b. less than the normal number of teeth c. underproduction of a substance d. disease affecting an entire population e. high blood pressure

TABLE 3-6 Prefixes for Size and Comparison

PREFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

equi-

equal, same

equilateral e-kwi-LAT-er-al

having equal sides

eu-

true, good, easy, normal

euthanasia U-tha-NA-zë-a

easy or painless death (root thanat/o)

hetero-

other, different, unequal

heterosexual het-er-o-SEX-u-al

pertaining to the opposite sex

homo-, homeo-

same, unchanging

homothermic ho-mo-THER-mik

maintaining a constant body temperature (root therm/o); warm blooded

iso-

equal, same

isograft I-so-graft

graft between two genetically identical individuals

macro-

large, abnormally large

macrocyte MAK-rö-sTt

extremely large red blood cell

TABLE 3-6 Prefixes for Size and Comparison, continued

PREFIX

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

mega-,* megalo-

large; abnormally large

megabladder meg-a-BLAD-er

enlargement of the bladder

micro-t

small

microscopic mf-kro-SKOP-ik

extremely small; visible only through a microscope

neo-

new

neonate NE-o-nat

a newborn infant (Fig. 3-3)

normo-

normal

normovolemia nor-mo-vol-E-me-a

normal blood volume

ortho-

straight, correct, upright

orthotic or-THOT-ik

correcting or preventing deformities

poikilo-

varied; irregular

poikiloderma poy-ki-lo-DER-ma

mottled condition of the skin

pseudo-

false

pseudoplegia sU-do-PLE-je-a

false paralysis (suffix -plegia)

re-

again; back

regurgitation re-gur-ji-TA-shun

backward or return flow, as of blood or stomach contents

*Mega- also means "one million" as in megahertz. fMicro- also means "one millionth" as in microsecond.

FIGURE 3-3. A neonate (newborn). (Reprinted with permission from Taylor C, Lillis C, LeMone P. Fundamentals of Nursing: The Art and Science of Nursing Care. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001.)

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Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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