Exercise 161

Define each of the following words:

2. hypophysectomy (hi-pof-i-SEK-to-me)

3. thyrolytic (thi-ro-LIT-ik)

4. hyperadrenalism (hi -per-a-dre-nal-izm)

5. insulitis (in-su-LI-tis)

Words for conditions resulting from endocrine dysfunctions are formed by adding the suffix -ism to the name of the gland or its root and adding the prefix hyper- or hypo- for overactivity or underactivity of the gland. Use the full name of the gland to form words with each of the following definitions:

6. condition of overactivity of the thyroid gland _

7. condition of underactivity of the parathyroid gland _

8. condition of underactivity of the adrenal gland _

Use the word root for the gland to form a word for each of the following definitions:

9. condition of underactivity of the adrenal cortex _

10. condition of overactivity of the pituitary gland (use pituitar) _

Word building. Write a word for each of the following definitions:

11. physician who specializes in study of the endocrine system _

12. incision into the thyroid gland _

14. inflammation of the adrenal gland _

15. pertaining to (-ar) the pancreatic islets _

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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