Exercise 112

Write a word for each of the following definitions:

1. near the nose _paranasal

2. inflammation of the pharynx _

3. pertaining to the larynx (see pharynx in Table 11-2) _

4. endoscopic examination of a bronchus _

5. inflammation of the bronchioles _

6. narrowing of a bronchus _

7. plastic repair of the larynx _

8. surgical incision of the trachea _

Define the following words (note the adjectival endings):

9. intranasal (in-tra-NA-zal) _within the nose

10. bronchiolar (brong-KE-o-lar) _

11. bronchiectasis (brong-ke-EK-ta-sis) _

12. peribronchial (per-i-BRONG-ke-al) _

14. nasopharyngeal (na-zo-fa-RIN-je-al) _

TABLE 11-3 Roots for the Lungs and Breathing

ROOT

MEANING

EXAMPLE

DEFINITION OF EXAMPLE

phren/o

diaphragm

phrenic FREN-ik

pertaining to the diaphragm

phrenic/o

phrenic nerve

phrenicotripsy fren-i-ko-TRIP-se

crushing of the phrenic nerve

pleur/o

pleura

pleurodesis plü-ROD-e-sis

fusion of the pleura

pulm/o, pulmon/o

lungs

intrapulmona ry in-tra-PUL-mo-ner-e

within the lungs

pneumon/o

lung

pneumonecto my nu-mO-NEK-to-me

surgical removal of a lung or lung tissue (pneumectomy and pul-monectomy also used)

pneum/o, pneumat/o

air, gas; also respiration, lung

pneumatocardia nü-ma-tO-KAR-de-a

presence of air in the heart

spir/o

breathing

sp i rometer spi-ROM-e-ter

instrument for measuring breathing volumes

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