Chapter Review

Match the following terms and write the appropriate letter to the left of each number:

1. ribosomes

3. homeostasis

5. cartilage a. genetic material b. state of internal stability c. organelles that contain RNA

d. a type of connective tissue e. energy compound of the cells

6. cytoplasm

7. metabolism

8. mitochondria

9. erythroblast 10. mitosis a. organelles that produce ATP

b. immature red blood cell c. material that fills the cell d. cell division e. all the activities of the cell

11. megakaryocyte

12. reticulocyte

13. chromosome

14. adenoid

15. fibroma a. resembling a gland b. fibrous tumor c. cell with a very large nucleus d. cell that contains a network e. structure that contains genes

16. fibroplasia

17. amorphous

18. papillary

19. atrophy

20. basophilic a. without form b. wasting of tissue c. attracting basic stain d. formation of fibrous tissue e. like or resembling a nipple

21. hyperplasia

22. hypoglycemia

23. amylase

24. mucoid

25. lipase a. resembling mucus b. low blood sugar c. enzyme that digests fat d. overdevelopment of an organ or tissue e. enzyme that digests starch

_ 26. proteolytic

_ 27. nucleosome

_ 28. somatotropic

_ 29. adipocyte

_ 30. somatopsychic

SUPPLEMENTARY TERMS

_ 31. catabolism

_ 32. collagen

_ 34. anabolism

Fill in the blanks:

36. The four basic tissue types are a. pertaining to the body and the mind b. destroying or dissolving protein c. cell that contains fat d. small body in the nucleus e. acting on the body a. building phase of metabolism b. outer region of an organ c. building block of protein d. fibrous protein in connective tissue e. breakdown phase of metabolism

37. The simple sugar that is the main energy source for metabolism is

38. The control center of the cell is the _

39. The number of chromosomes in each human cell aside from the sex cells is

40. An organic compound that speeds the rate of metabolic reactions is a(n) _

41. Karyomegaly (kar-e-o-MEG-a-le) is enlargement (-megaly) of the _

42. A cytotoxic substance is damaging or poisonous to _

43. The term hydration refers to the relative amount of _

44. Adiposuria (ad-i-po-SU-re-a) is the presence in the urine of

45. A myxocyte is found in tissue that secretes _

Word building. Write a word for each of the following definitions:

46. The study of form and structure _

47. The study of tissues_

48. The formation of cells (use -genesis as an ending)_

49. An enzyme that digests proteins_

Case Study 4-1: Hematology Laboratory Studies

J.E. had a blood test as required for preoperative anesthesia assessment in preparation for scheduled plastic surgery on her breasts. The report read as follows: Complete blood count (CBC) and differential Red blood cell count (RBC)—4.5 million/pL Hemoglobin (Hgb)—12.6 g/dL Hematocrit (Hct)—38% White blood cell count (WBC)—8,500/pL Neutrophils—58% Lymphocytes—34% Monocytes—6% Eosinophils—2% Basophils—0.5% Platelet count—200,000/pL Prothrombin time (PT)—11.5 seconds Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)—65 seconds Blood glucose—84 mg/dL The surgeon reviewed these results and concluded that they were within normal limits (WNL).

Case Study 4-2: Pathology Laboratory Tests

R.C., the manager of the clinical and pathology laboratory, received several surgical specimens taken from a 26-year-old female patient with a 4-week history of nonspecific pelvic pain. The specimens included several small containers of pink-tinged cloudy fluid labeled pelvic lavage (washing) for cytology, which R.C. took to the cytology laboratory to be made into slides and checked microscopically for abnormal cells. R.C. also received a tissue specimen labeled uterine myoma, a wedge biopsy of right ovarian neoplasm, and four jars each labeled pelvic lymph nodes. She took all of the tissue specimens to the pathology laboratory for gross and microscopic evaluation. A test tube half-filled with a cloudy gel and a cotton-tipped applicator labeled swab of pelvic fluid for culture and sensitivity and Gram stain was taken to the microbiology laboratory to be streaked on a culture plate and incubated to look for growth. Any organisms that grew out would be Gram-stained and tested for sensitivity to antibiotics that might be used in treatment.

The laboratory form was accompanied by a surgeon's note stating that the patient's preoperative diagnosis was cervical dysplasia with atypical cells and a positive urine leukocyte esterase, indicating a urinary tract infection. R.C. placed a copy of the laboratory forms and surgeon's note on the desk of the pathologist who was involved in carcinogenesis (cancer) research.

CASE STUDY QUESTIONS

Multiple choice: Select the best answer and write the letter of your choice to the left of each number.

_ 1. J.E.'s blood test results were within normal limits. She could be described as being in a state of:

a. normosmosis b. dysplasia

Case Studies, continued c. homeostasis d. hematophilia e. myogenesis

_ 2. The suffix in glucose indicates that this compound is a:

_ 3. The suffix in esterase indicates that this compound is a:

a. sugar b. carbohydrate c. cell d. enzyme e. lipid

_ 4. The root gen in carcinogenesis refers to a cancer's:

a. origin b. treatment c. location d. laboratory results e. severity

Identify and give the meaning of the prefixes in each of the following words:

Prefix Meaning of Prefix

Find words in the case studies for the following:

10. Three words that contain a root that means attract, absorb:

11. Three words with a root that means formation, molding, development:

12. Four words with a root that means cell:

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