Some laypersons' terms for respiratory symptoms and conditions are so old-fashioned and quaint that you might see them today only in Victorian novels. Catarrh (ka-TAR) is an old word for an upper respiratory infection with much mucus production. Quinsy (KWIN-ze) referred to a sore throat or tonsillar abscess. Consumption was tuberculosis, and dropsy referred to generalized edema. The grip meant influenza, which we more often abbreviate as "flu."
Many informal terms are used instead of scientific words by the general public. Health professionals should be familiar with the slang or colloquialisms that are used to describe symptoms so that they can better communicate with their patients.
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.