Med. Term - Ar As

Answers to Chapter Exercises

EXERCISE 19-1

1.

bone, bone tissue

2.

joint

3.

cartilage

4.

bursa

5.

formation of bone

6.

tumor of cartilage

7.

plastic repair of a joint

8.

around a bursa

9.

pertaining to or resembling bone marrow

10.

osteopenia (os-te-o -PE-n e- a)

11.

osteomyelitis (os-te-o-mi-e-L I-tis)

12.

arthropathy ( ar-THROP-a-the)

13.

myeloma (mi-e-LO-ma)

14.

chondroid (KON-droyd)

15.

arthroscope (AR-thro-skop)

16.

arthrostenosis (ar-thro-ste-NO-sis)

17.

synovitis (si-no- VI-tis)

18.

hyperostosis (hi-per-os-TO-sis)

19.

dysostosis (dis-os-TO-sis)

EXERCISE 19-2

1.

cranial

2.

costal

3.

pelvic

4.

iliac

5.

vertebral

6.

sacral

7.

measurement of the skull (cranium)

8.

within the skull

9.

pain in a vertebra

10.

in front of a vertebra or the spinal column

11.

above the pelvis

12.

cranioschisis (k ra- ne-OS-ki-sis)

13.

craniotomy (kra-ne-O T-o-me)

14.

spondylitis (spon-di-LI-tis)

15.

rachiocentesis ( ra-ke-o-sen-TE-sis); also

rachicentesis (ra-ke-sen-TE-sis)

16.

costectomy (kos - TEK-to-me)

17.

sacroiliac (sa-kro-IL-e-ak)

18.

craniosacral (kra-ne-o-SA-kral)

19.

parasacral (par-a-SA-kral)

20.

coccygectomy (kok-si-JEK-to-me)

21.

iliococcygeal (il-e-o-kok-SIJ-e-al)

22.

infracostal (in-fra-KOS-tal)

LABELING EXERCISE 19-1 THE SKELETON

1. cranium

2. facial bones

3. mandible

4. sternum

5. vertebral column

6. sacrum

7. ribs

8. clavicle

13. carpals (KAR-pals)

14. metacarpals (met-a-KAR-pals)

15. phalanges (fa-LAN-jez)

17. pelvis (PEL-vis)

22. tarsals (TAR-sals)

23. calcaneus (kal-KA-ne-us)

24. metatarsals (met-a-TAR-sals)

25. phalanges

LABELING EXERCISE 19-2

SKULL FROM THE LEFT_

1. frontal (FRON-tal)

3. occipital (ok-SIP-i-tal)

4. temporal (TEM-por-al)

5. sphenoid (SFE-noyd)

6. lacrimal (LAK-ri-mal)

8. zygomatic (zi-go-MAT-ik)

LABELING EXERCISE 19-3 VERTEBRAL COLUMN FROM THE SIDE

1. cervical vertebrae

2. thoracic vertebrae

3. lumbar vertebrae

4. sacrum

5. coccyx

6. intervertebral disk

7. body (centrum) of vertebra

LABELING EXERCISE 19-4 THE PELVIS

4. pubis

5. pubic symphysis

6. acetabulum (as-e-TAB-u-lum)

LABELING EXERCISE 19-5 STRUCTURE OF A LONG BONE_

1. proximal epiphysis (e-PIF-i-sis)

3. distal epiphysis

4. cartilage

5. growth lines

6. spongy bone

7. compact bone

8. medullary cavity

9. yellow marrow

10. periosteum (per-e-OS-te-um)

11. artery

Answers to Chapter Review 19-1

42. F wrist

44. F appendicular

48. F scoliosis

50. cartilage

51. synovial fluid; synovia

52. ligament

53. sacrum

54. femur

55. orthopedics

56. cartilage

57. vertebrae

58. spine

59. formation of cartilage

60. plastic repair of bone

61. instrument for incising a joint

62. excision of synovial membrane

63. around a bursa

64. incision into the cranium (skull)

65. pain in a vertebra

66. below a rib or the ribs

67. pertaining to the ilium and pelvis

68. pertaining to the coccyx

69. endocranial

70. osteonecrosis

71. myelitis

72. osteochondroma

73. chondrectomy

74. arthrodesis

75. arthrostenosis

76. arthroscope

77. arthrogram

78. bursolith

79. pelvimetry

80. sacroiliac

81. vertebrocostal

82. coccygectomy

83. parasacral

84. arthritis

85. cranial

86. iliac

87. coccygeal

88. pelvic

89. vertebral

90. decreased growth of cartilage in the growth plate of long bones resulting in dwarfism a. lack of b. cartilage c. formation, molding

91. benign tumor of cartilage-forming cells a. cartilage b. immature, productive cell c. tumor

92. surgical fusion (ankylosis) between vertebrae a. vertebra b. together c. fusion, binding

Answers to Case Study Questions

3.

c

4.

e

5.

c

6.

a

7.

d

8.

b

9.

zygomatic

10.

periosteum

11.

meniscus

12.

bilateral

13.

sternum

14.

arthroplasty

15.

idiopathic

16.

scapulectomy

17.

fracture

18.

osteotomies

19.

degenerative joint disease

20.

magnetic resonance imaging

21.

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

22.

computed tomography

23.

normal saline solution

24.

temporomandibular joint

25.

osteogenesis imperfecta

26.

open reduction internal fixation

27.

posterior spinal fusion

28.

estimated blood loss

ANSWERS TO CROSSWORD PUZZLE

The Skeleton

Medical Terms Pictures

CHAPTER 20

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