The Victim S Injured Extremities Were Immobilized Before Transport. Immobilized Means

Cephalocaudal Assessment

During a triathlon, paramedics responded to a scene with multiple patients involved in a serious bicycle accident. B.R., a 20-year-old woman, lost control of her bike while descending a hill at approximately 40 mph. As she fell, two other cyclists collided with her, sending all three crashing to the ground. At the scene, B.R. complained of pain in her head, back, chest, and leg. She also had numbness and tingling in her legs and feet. Other injuries included a cut on her face and on her right...

Ear Medical Terminology

Temporal Bone Fracture Ear

The ear has the receptors for both hearing and equilibrium. For study purposes, it may be divided into three parts the outer, middle, and inner ear Fig. 18-1 . The outer ear consists of the projecting pinna auricle and the external auditory canal meatus . This canal ends at the tympanic membrane or eardrum, which transmits sound waves to the middle ear. Glands in the external canal produce a waxy material, cerumen, which protects the ear and helps to prevent infection. Spanning the middle ear...

An Oblique Surgical Incision Follows What Direction

Case Study 14-1 Herniorrhaphy and Vasectomy E.D., a 48-year-old married dock worker with three children, developed inguinal bulging and pain on exertion when he lifted heavy objects. An occupational health service advised a surgical referral. The surgeon diagnosed E.D. with bilateral direct inguinal hernias and suggested that he not delay surgery, although he was not at high risk for a strangulated hernia. E.D. asked the surgeon if he could also be sterilized at the same time. He was scheduled...

Clinical Aspects of the Male Reproductive System

Transurethral Incision The Prostate

Most infections of the male reproductive tract are sexually transmitted diseases STDs , listed in Display 14-1. The most common STD in the United States is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which, in males, mainly causes urethritis. This same organism also causes lymphogranuloma venereum, an STD associated with lymphadenopathy, which is rare in the United States. Both forms of these chlamydial infections respond to treatment with antibiotics. Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria...

Structure of a Long Bone

The Human Body Health And Disease

A typical long bone Fig. 19-5 has a shaft or diaphysis composed of compact bone tissue. Within the shaft is a medullary cavity containing the yellow form of bone marrow, which is high in fat. The irregular epiph-ysis at either end is made of a less dense, spongy bone tissue containing the blood-forming red bone marrow. A thin layer of cartilage covers the epiphysis and protects the bone surface. Between the diaphysis and the epiphysis at each end of the bone, in a region called the metaphysis,...

Female Reproductive System

Female Reproductive System

1. any disease that affects women 7. gynecologist gi-ne-KOL-o-jist 8. anovulatory an-OV-u-1a-1o-re 11. dysmenorrhea DIS-men-o-re-a 12. oligomenorrhea ol-i-go-men-o-RE-a 14. ovariopexy o-var-e-o-PEK-se also oophoropexy o-of-o-ro-PEK-s e 15. ovariocentesis o-var-e-o-sen-TE-sis 16. oophorectomy o-of-o-REK-to-me 1. plastic repair of an oviduct 2. surgical removal of the uterus 4. pertaining to the uterus and bladder 5. instrument for measuring the vagina 7. salpingopexy sal-PING-go-pek-se 8....

Labeling Exercise 151

Female Cul Sac

Write the name of each numbered part on the corresponding line of the answer sheet. Anus Cervix Clitoris Cul-de-sac Labium majus Labium minus Ovary Oviduct Posterior fornix Rectum Urethra Female Reproductive System Showing Fertilization Write the name of each numbered part on the corresponding line of the answer sheet. Body of uterus Cervical canal Cervix Fundus of uterus Greater vestibular Bartholin gland Implanted embryo Maturing follicle Ovarian follicle ruptured Oviduct fallopian tube Ovary...

Medical Term Urine In Cavity

Staghorn Calculi Definition

A semipermeable membrane richly supplied with small blood vessels lines the peritoneal cavity. With dialysate dwelling in the peritoneal cavity, waste products diffuse from the network of blood vessels into the dialysate. FIGURE 13-7. Peritoneal dialysis. A semipermeable membrane richly supplied with small blood vessels lines the peritoneal cavity. With dialysate dwelling in the peritoneal cavity, waste products diffuse from the network of blood vessels into...

Hall Drill And Saline Coolant

Skeleton Crossword

Case Study 19-1 Arthroplasty of the Right TMJ S.A., a 38-year-old teacher, was admitted for surgery for degenerative joint disease DJD of her right temporomandibular joint TMJ . She has experienced chronic pain in her right jaw, neck, and ear since her automobile accident the previous year. S.A.'s diagnosis was confirmed by CT scan and was followed up with conservative therapy, which included a bite plate, NSAIDs, and steroid injections. She had also tried hypnosis in an attempt to manage her...

Medical Terminology Case Studies - Skin

Lymphotomes

Case Study 21-1 Basal Cell Carcinoma BSC K.B., a 32-year-old fitness instructor, had noticed a tiny hard lump at the base of her left nostril while cleansing her face. The lesion had been present for about 2 months when she consulted a dermatologist. She had recently moved north from Florida, where she had worked as a lifeguard. She thought the lump might have been triggered by the regular tanning salon sessions she had used to retain her tan because it did not resemble the acne pustules,...

Divisions of the Skeleton

Medical Terms Skeleton

The skeleton forms the framework of the body, protects vital organs, and works with the muscular system to produce movement. The human adult skeleton is composed of 206 bones. It is divided for study into the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton Fig. 19-1 . The axial skeleton consists of the skull, the spinal column, the ribs, and the sternum. The skull consists of eight cranial bones and the 14 bones of the face Fig. 19-2 . Skull bones are joined by nonmoveable joints sutures , except...

Labeling Exercise 174

Spinal Cord Labeling Exercises

Spinal Cord and Divisions of the Spinal Nerves Write the name of each numbered part on the corresponding line of the answer sheet. Brain Brainstem Cervical nerves Coccygeal nerve Lumbar nerves Sacral nerves Spinal cord Thoracic nerves Cross-Section of Spinal Cord and Reflex Arc Write the name of each numbered part on the corresponding line of the answer sheet. Cell body Central canal Dorsal horn Dorsal root Dorsal root ganglion Effector Gray matter Interneuron Motor neuron Receptor Sensory...

Uterine Leiomyomas And Stenosis Of The Right Oviduct

Case Study 15-1 Total Abdominal Hysterectomy With Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy M.T., a 60-year-old gravida 2, para 2, had spent 3 months under the care of her gynecologist for treatment of postmenopausal bleeding and cervical dysplasia. She had had several vaginal examinations with Pap smears, a uterine ultrasound, colposcopy with endocervical biopsies, and a D amp C with cone biopsy. She wanted to take hormone therapy, but her doctor thought she was at too much risk with the abnormal cells...

Blowout Of A Dilated Segment Of The Main Artery

Ami Ekg Tracing

Case Study 9-1 PTCA and Echocardiogram A.L., a 68-year-old woman, was admitted to the CCU with chest pain, dyspnea, diaphoresis, syncope, and nausea. She had taken three sublingual doses of nitroglycerine tablets within a 10-minute time span without relief before dialing 911. A previous stress test and thallium uptake scan suggested cardiac disease. Her family history was significant for cardiovascular disease. Her father died at the age of 62 of an acute myocardial infarction. Her mother had...

Gastrointestinal Tract Infection

Inguinal Colostomy

A variety of organisms can infect the gastrointestinal tract, from viruses and bacteria to protozoa and worms. Some produce short-lived upsets with gastroenteritis, nausea, diarrhea, and emesis vomiting . Others, such as typhoid, cholera, and dysentery, are more serious, even fatal. An ulcer is a lesion of the skin or a mucous membrane marked by inflammation and tissue damage. Ulcers caused by the damaging action of gastric, or peptic, juices on the lining of the GI tract are termed peptic...

Labeling Exercise 161

Chapter The Endocrine System 161

Write the name of each numbered part on the corresponding line of the answer sheet. Match the following terms and write the appropriate letter to the left of each number b. substance regulated by the parathyroids c. part of the brain that controls the pituitary pancreatic hormone that regulates sugar metabolism hormone produced by the adrenal medulla hormone that produces uterine contractions hormone produced by the adrenal cortex hormone that increases water reabsorption in the kidneys hormone...

Case Study - Medical Terminology - 78 Steps Health Journal

Two weeks after his emergency cardiac bypass surgery, R.B. was admitted to the hospital with acute pancreatitis, probably triggered by the trauma of the heart surgery. As a nurse, R.B. knew that the mild form of the disease was self-limiting, whereas severe pancreatitis has a mortality rate near 50 . He was terrified, having survived heart surgery, to now have to worry about multisystem organ failure. He had once cared for a patient who died of necrotizing hemorrhagic pancreatitis. On...

Labeling Exercise 202

Teres Minor

Write the name of each numbered part on the corresponding line of the answer sheet. Gastrocnemius Gluteus maximus Latissimus dorsi Peroneus longus Semimembranosus Semitendinosus Sternocleidomastoid Teres major Teres minor Trapezius Triceps brachii Match the following terms and write the appropriate letter to the left of each number b. triangular muscle that covers the shoulder c. one of the hamstring muscles d. anterior muscle of the upper arm that flexes the forearm e. large muscle group of...

Word Parts Pertaining to Cells Tissues and Organs

Medical Terms

Picture of the chromosomes of a cell organized according to size abnormal formation of fibrous tissue TABLE 4-1 Roots for Cells and Tissues, continued OF EXAMPLE TABLE 4-1 Roots for Cells and Tissues, continued OF EXAMPLE inflammation of a gland that secretes mucus pertaining to the body as compared with the germ cells or the mind FIGURE 4-6. A karyotype of human chromosomes. Reprinted with permission from Cohen BJ, Wood DL. Memm-ler's The Human Body in Health and Disease. 9th Ed. Philadelphia...

Clinical Aspects of the Urinary System Infections

Foley Cath Removal Female

Organisms that infect the urinary tract generally enter through the urethra and ascend toward the bladder. Although urinary tract infections UTIs do occur in males, they appear more commonly in females. Infection of the urinary bladder produces cystitis. The infecting organisms are usually colon bacteria carried in feces, particularly Escherichia coli. Cystitis is more common in females than in males because the female urethra is shorter than the male urethra and the opening is closer to the...

Crossword Male Reproductive System

Reproductive System Crossword

Abnormal, painful, difficult prefix 6. Pertaining to condition of urine suffix 9. A reproductive organ 10. Stone or calculus root 13. Male gamete or sex cell 16. Main male sex hormone 18. Protein associated with prostate cancer abbreviation 1. Self-examination of the testis abbreviation 8. Gland that contributes to semen 11. High blood pressure abbreviation 12. Type of cell division that forms the gametes 14. Hernia or localized dilation suffix 15. Male reproductive gland root 17. Condition...

Disorders of the Retina

Errors Refraction

Retinal detachment, separation of the retina from the underlying layer of the eye the choroid , may be caused by a tumor, hemorrhage, or injury to the eye Fig. 18-8 . This condition interferes with vision and is commonly repaired with laser surgery. Degeneration of the macula, the point of sharpest vision, is a common cause of visual problems in the elderly. When associated with aging, this deterioration is described as age-related macular degeneration AMD . Macular degeneration typically...

G.l A 42-years-old Obese

G.L., a 42-year-old obese Caucasian woman, entered the hospital with nausea and vomiting, flatulence and eructation, a fever of 100.5 F, and continuous right upper quadrant and subscapular pain. Examination on admission showed rebound tenderness in the RUQ with a positive Murphy sign. Her skin, nails, and conjunctivae were yellowish, and she complained of frequent clay-colored stools. Her leukocyte count was 16,000. An ERCP and ultrasound of the abdomen suggested many small stones in her...