Symptoms

Chronic diarrhea as with E. bieneusi, other symptoms as per organ localization. Diagnosis: spore detection in urine or stool, spores somewhat larger than in E. bieneusi (1.5-2.0 x 1.0-1.2 im); four to seven polar tubule windings.

■ Encephalitozoon cuniculi Occurrence:

Worldwide; occur frequently in domestic and wild rabbits, also described in many other animal species (rodents, dogs, cats, foxes, monkeys); rarely found in HIV patients. Of the three known pathogenic strains, two (rabbit and dog strain) have also been found in humans (= zoonosis).

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Essentials of Human Physiology

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