Exposure prophylaxis begins with isolation of the source of infection, in particular of infected persons, as required for the disease at hand. Quarantine refers to a special form of isolation of healthy first-degree contact persons. These are persons who have been in contact with a source of infection. The quarantine period is equivalent to the incubation period of the infectious disease in question (see International Health Regulations, www.who.int/en/).
Further measures of exposure prophylaxis include disinfection and sterilization, use of insecticides and pesticides, and eradication of animal carriers.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.