Echinococcus multilocularis Dwarf Fox Tapeworm

Causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis (AE)

E. multilocularis is widespread in the northern hemisphere with endemic regions in Europe, Asia (Turkey, Iran, Russia, and bordering countries all the way to Japan), and North America (Alaska, Canada, northern and central US states) (Fig. 10.11). In Central Europe, the parasite is widely distributed with prevalence levels in foxes exceeding 50% in some areas.

— Distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis

— Distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis

Echinococcus Multilocularis

Fig.10.11 a Approximate global distribution (status: 1999); b approximate distribution in Central Europe (status: 1999) (© Institut für Parasitologie, Universität Zürich,]. Eckert, F. Grimm, and H. Bucklar). A: Austria, B: Belgium, CH: Switzerland, CZ: Czech Republic, D: Germany, F: France, FL: Liechtenstein, L: Luxembourg, NL: the Netherlands, PL: Poland, SK: Slovak Republic. Foci have been located in Denmark and on the Norwegian Svalbard Islands in the Arctic Ocean.

Fig.10.11 a Approximate global distribution (status: 1999); b approximate distribution in Central Europe (status: 1999) (© Institut für Parasitologie, Universität Zürich,]. Eckert, F. Grimm, and H. Bucklar). A: Austria, B: Belgium, CH: Switzerland, CZ: Czech Republic, D: Germany, F: France, FL: Liechtenstein, L: Luxembourg, NL: the Netherlands, PL: Poland, SK: Slovak Republic. Foci have been located in Denmark and on the Norwegian Svalbard Islands in the Arctic Ocean.

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