Causative agent of balantidiosis
Balantidium coli is a worldwide distributed ciliate of highly variable size (30-150 im long). It is frequently found as an inhabitant of the large intestine of monkeys, rats, and in particular pigs. It is also found, more rarely, in humans, in whom it occasionally causes intestinal necrosis and inflammation with ulceration. The disease is transmitted through spherical cysts (40-60 im) from host to hoston the fecal-oral route. Diagnosis involves detection of cysts or vegetative forms in fecal samples. Drugs recommended for treatment are tetracyclines and metronidazole.
Was this article helpful?
This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.