The bacterial species Afipia (Armed Forces Institute of Pathology) felis was discovered several years ago. At first, it appeared that most cases of cat scratch disease were caused by this pathogen. Then it turned out that the culprit in those cases was usually either B. henselae or B. clarridgeia and that Afipia felis was responsible for only a small number. Afipia felis and B. henselae cat scratch infections present with the same clinical symptoms. Most cases of A. felis infections clear up spontaneously without antibiotic therapy. Should use of an antibiotic be clinically indicated, a tetracycline (or in severe cases a carbapenem or aminoglycoside) would be appropriate.
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