Sources for Further Study

Cleal, Christopher J., and Barry A. Thomas. Plant Fossils: The History of Land Vegetation. Suffolk, England: Boydell Press, 1999. Relates the remarkable record of earth's floral evolution and land vegetation. Includes a generous selection of fossil plant portraits with explanatory notes.

Everett, Thomas, H. The New York Botanical Garden Illustrated Encyclopedia of Horticulture. New York: Garland, 1981. Older source, yet has good information on history and paleontology of gingko trees, physical description, and their botanical and horticultural background.

Moore, David, M., ed. Marshall Cavendish Illustrated Encyclopedia of Plants and Earth Sciences. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 1988. Covers biology of gingko tree, with readable charts on global ginkgo fossils and geological background on land plant development.

Raven, Peter H., Ray F. Evert, and Susan E. Eichhorn. Biology of Plants. 6th ed. New York: W. H. Freeman/Worth, 1999. Basic textbook covering living and extinct seed plants, including Ginkgophyta, with excellent graphs and glossary.

Steward, Wilson N., and Gar W. Rothwell. Paleobotany and the Evolution of Plants. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Clearly written, reference-quality book concerning the origin and evolution of extant and extinct groups of plants as revealed by the fossil record.

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