1. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and Trauma Division. North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) investigators (1991) Clinical alert: benefit of carotid endarterectomy for patients with high-

grade stenosis of the internal carotid artery. Stroke. 22(6):816-87

2. Klufas RA et al (1995) Dissection of the carotid and vertebral arteries: imaging with MR angiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 164(3):673-67

3. Endres D, Simonson T, Funk G et al (1995) The role of magnetic resonance angiography in head and neck surgery. Laryngoscope 105(10):1069-1076

4. Pisaneschi MJ, Samii M (1995) Applications of MR angiography in head and neck pathology. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 28(3):543-561

5. Jacobs A et al (1997) MRI- and MRA-guided therapy of carotid and vertebral artery dissections. J Neurol Sci 147(1):27-34

6. Keller PJ et al (1989) MR angiography with two-dimensional acquisition and three-dimensional display. Work in progress. Radiology 173(2):527-532

7. Patel SG et al (2002) Outcome, observer reliability, and patient preferences if CTA, MRA, or Doppler ultrasound were used, individually or together, instead of digital subtraction angiography before carotid endarterectomy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 73(1):21-28

8. Riles TS et al (1992) Comparison of magnetic resonance angiography, conventional angiography, and duplex scanning. Stroke 23(3):341-346

9. De Marco JK et al (1994) Prospective evaluation of extracranial carotid stenosis: MR angiography with maximum-intensity projections and multiplanar reformation compared with conventional angiogra-phy. AJR Am J Roentgenol 163(5):1205-1212

10. Binaghi S et al (2001) Three-dimensional computed tomography angiography and magnetic resonance angiography of carotid bifurcation stenosis. Eur Neurol 46(1):25-34

11. Morasch MD et al (2002) Cross-sectional magnetic resonance angiography is accurate in predicting degree of carotid stenosis. Ann Vasc Surg 16(3):266-272

12. Sundgren PC et al (2002) Carotid artery stenosis: contrast-enhanced MR angiography with two different scan times compared with digital subtraction angiography. Neuroradiology 44(7):592-599

13. Wutke R et al (2002) High-resolution, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography with elliptical centric k-space ordering of supra-aortic arteries compared with selective X-ray angiography. Stroke 33(6):1522-1529

14. Wilman AH, Riederer SJ (1997) Performance of an elliptical centric view order for signal enhancement and motion artifact suppression in breath-hold three-dimensional gradient echo imaging. Magn Re-son Med 38(5):793-802

15. Korosec FR et al (1996) Time-resolved contrast-enhanced 3D MR angiography. Magn Reson Med 36(3):345-351

16. Kopka L et al (1998) Differences in injection rates on contrast-enhanced breath-hold three-dimensional MR angiography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 170(2):345-348

17. Kim JK, Farb RI, Wright GA (1998) Test bolus examination in the carotid artery at dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography. Radiology 206(1): 283-289

18. Foo TK et al (1997) Automated detection of bolus arrival and initiation of data acquisition in fast, three-dimensional, gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography. Radiology 203(1):275-280

19. Fellner FA et al (2000) Fluoroscopically triggered contrast-enhanced 3D MR DSA and 3D time-offlight turbo MRA of the carotid arteries: first clinical experiences in correlation with ultrasound, x-ray angiography, and endarterectomy findings. Magn Reson Imaging 18(5):575-585

20. Heiserman JE et al (1994) Neurologic complications of cerebral angiography. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 15(8):1401-7 discussion 1408-1411

21. Mani RL et al (1978) Complications of catheter cerebral arteriography: analysis of 5,000 procedures. I. Criteria and incidence. AJR Am J Roentgenol 131(5):861-865

22. Kuntz KM et al (1995) Carotid endarterectomy in asymptomatic patients-is contrast angiography necessary? A morbidity analysis. J Vasc Surg 22(6):706-14 discussion 714-716

23. El-Saden SM et al (2001) Imaging of the internal carotid artery: the dilemma of total versus near total occlusion. Radiology 221(2):301-308

24. Nederkoorn PJ et al (2002) Time-of-flight MR angiography of carotid artery stenosis: does a flow void represent severe stenosis? AJNR Am J Neurora-diol 23(10):1779-1784

25. Patel MR et al (1995) Preoperative assessment of the carotid bifurcation. Can magnetic resonance angiography and duplex ultrasonography replace contrast arteriography? Stroke 26(10):1753-1758

26. Nederkoorn PJ, van der Graaf Y, Hunink MG (2003) Duplex ultrasound and magnetic resonance angiog-raphy compared with digital subtraction angiogra-phy in carotid artery stenosis: a systematic review. Stroke 34(5):1324-1332

27. Scarabino T et al (1998) MR angiography in carotid stenosis: a comparison of three techniques. Eur J Radiol 28(2):117-125

28. Townsend TC et al (2003) Contrast material-enhanced MRA overestimates severity of carotid stenosis, compared with 3D time-of-flight MRA. J Vasc Surg 38(1):36-40

29. Nederkoorn PJ et al (2003) Carotid artery stenosis: accuracy of contrast-enhanced MR angiography for diagnosis. Radiology 228(3):677-682

30. Scarabino T et al (1999) Contrast-enhanced MR an-giography (CE MRA) in the study of the carotid stenosis: comparison with digital subtraction angiography (DSA). J Neuroradiol 26(2):87-91

31. Remonda L et al (2002) Contrast-enhanced 3D MR angiography of the carotid artery: comparison with conventional digital subtraction angiography. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 23(2):213-219

32. Lenhart M et al (2002) Time-resolved contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of the carotid arteries: diagnostic accuracy and inter-observer variability compared with selective catheter angiography. Invest Radiol 37(10):535-541

33. Huston J et al (2001) Carotid artery: elliptic centric contrast-enhanced MR angiography compared with conventional angiography. Radiology 218(1):138-143

34. Sardanelli F et al (1999) Mr angiography of internal carotid arteries: breath-hold Gd-enhanced 3D fast imaging with steady-state precession versus unen-hanced 2D and 3D time-of-flight techniques. J Com-put Assist Tomogr 23(2):208-215

35. Nederkoorn PJ et al (2002) Overestimation of carotid artery stenosis with magnetic resonance an giography compared with digital subtraction angiography. J Vasc Surg 36(4):806-813

36. Anderson CM et al (1992) Assessment of carotid artery stenosis by MR angiography: comparison with x-ray angiography and color-coded Doppler ultrasound. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 13(3):989-1003 discussion 1005-1008

37. Turnipseed WD et al (1993) Combined use of duplex imaging and magnetic resonance angiography for evaluation of patients with symptomatic ipsilat-eral high-grade carotid stenosis. J Vasc Surg 17(5): 832-9 discussion 839-840

38. Willig DS et al (1998) Contrast-enhanced 3D MR DSA of the carotid artery bifurcation: preliminary study of comparison with unenhanced 2D and 3D time-of-flight MR angiography. Radiology 208(2): 447-451

39. Yuan C et al (2002) Identification of fibrous cap rupture with magnetic resonance imaging is highly associated with recent transient ischemic attack or stroke. Circulation 105(2):181-185

40. Yuan C et al (2001) Carotid atherosclerotic plaque: noninvasive MR characterization and identification of vulnerable lesions. Radiology 221(2):285-299

41. Lusby RJ et al (1982) Carotid plaque hemorrhage. Its role in production of cerebral ischemia. Arch Surg 117(11): 1479-1488

42. Leclerc X et al (1999) Preliminary experience using contrast-enhanced MR angiography to assess vertebral artery structure for the follow-up of suspected dissection. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 20(8):1482-1490

43. Auer A et al (1998) Magnetic resonance angiographic and clinical features of extracranial vertebral artery dissection. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychia-try64(4):474-481

44. Vila N et al (2003) Levels of alpha1-antitrypsin in plasma and risk of spontaneous cervical artery dissections: a case-control study. Stroke 34(9):E168-169

45. Dziewas R et al (2003) Cervical artery dissection-clinical features, risk factors, therapy and outcome in 126 patients. J Neurol 250(10):1179-1184

46. Mascalchi M et al (1997) MRI and MR angiography of vertebral artery dissection. Neuroradiology 39(5):329-340

47. Ozdoba C, Sturzenegger M, Schroth G (1996) Internal carotid artery dissection: MR imaging features and clinical-radiologic correlation. Radiology 199(1):191-198

48. Levy C et al (1994) Carotid and vertebral artery dissections: three-dimensional time-of-flight MR angiography and MR imaging versus conventional angiography. Radiology 190(1):97-103

49. Stringaris K et al (1996) Three-dimensional time-offlight MR angiography and MR imaging versus conventional angiography in carotid artery dissections. Int Angiol 15(1):20-25

50. Kirsch E et al (1998) MR angiography in internal carotid artery dissection: improvement of diagnosis by selective demonstration of the intramural haematoma. Neuroradiology 40(11):704-709

51. Colletti PM, Terk MR, Zee CS (1996) Magnetic resonance angiography in neck masses. Comput Med Imaging Graph 20(5):379-388

52. Yousem DM et al (1995) Carotid artery invasion by head and neck masses: prediction with MR imaging. Radiology 195(3):715-720

Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

Prevention is better than a cure. Learn how to cherish your heart by taking the necessary means to keep it pumping healthily and steadily through your life.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment